Wound Infection


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Wound Infection

 

a complication of a wound process arising from the reproduction of pathogenic microorganisms in a wound. A wound infection can manifest itself by local symptoms, for example, by suppuration, or by general symptoms, for example, by fever, weakness, or posttraumatic sepsis.

Sepsis and tetanus are severe forms of general wound infection. Causative agents include staphylococci, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and colon bacillus. Associations of these microorganisms are frequently observed. The causative agents of anaerobic infection are less commonly observed. Microorganisms always penetrate a wound, although infection rarely develops if the body and injured tissues are adequately resistant and primary surgical treatment is prompt.

Prevention of a wound infection depends on adequate primary surgical treatment of a wound. Treatment is aimed at suppressing the development of infection through administration of antibiotics and other antimicrobial preparations and at strengthening the defensive mechanisms of the afflicted individual; an adequate diet, transfusions of blood and protein preparations, and the administration of specific serums, toxoids, autovaccines, and gamma globulin serve the latter purpose.

References in periodicals archive ?
The Deputy Medical Director could have agreed with other reputable authorities, and noted; 'longstanding concerns' about consultant behaviour and care; 'exceptionally high caesarean section rate' of 28% which puts women and their babies at risk of health problems; high rates of caesarean section, induction of labour, gynaecological complications and wound infection is 'objective evidence of adverse safety outcomes'.
Our findings introduce the option of a new affordable technology platform to fight chronic wound infection in which bacterial biofilms are abundant.
Multispecialty databases evaluate commonly occurring outcomes such as wound infection, pneumonia, or venous thromboembolism, whereas specialty databases allow for finer discrimination of outcomes such as graft patency or anastomotic leak.
Due to the retrospective nature of the data, it was difficult to apply CDC guidelines for superficial and deep wound infection diagnoses in all cases.
It contains 17 chapters by wound care, dermatology, nursing, and other specialists from North America, Europe, New Zealand, and Australia on evidence and clinical decision making, assessing skin integrity, the physiology of wound healing, principles of wound management, wound infection, the psychological impact of skin breakdown, and treating challenging wounds, such as pressure, shear, and friction wounds, diabetic foot disease, chronic ulcers of the lower limb, lymphoedema, malignant or surgical wounds, and neglected wounds like body piercings, necrotizing fasciitis, and self-inflicted wounds.
If, on the follow-up call, a participant described pain, an abnormal foul-smelling discharge, and bleeding up to the 14th postpartum day, she was classified as having possible mild wound infection.
The study, entitled "Randomised controlled feasibility trial on the use of medical grade honey following microvascular free tissue transfer to reduce the incidence of wound infection," was conducted by Dr.
The review brings strong evidence that preoperative scalp shaving does not confer any benefit against postoperative wound infection and, paradoxically, may lead to higher rates of infection.
A randomised controlled trial of suture material used for caesarean section skin closure: Do wound infection rates differ?
The composite rate included wound separation, wound infection or need for antibiotics, need for a follow-up visit for wound concerns, and hospital admission for wound concerns.