Wound Infection


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Wound Infection

 

a complication of a wound process arising from the reproduction of pathogenic microorganisms in a wound. A wound infection can manifest itself by local symptoms, for example, by suppuration, or by general symptoms, for example, by fever, weakness, or posttraumatic sepsis.

Sepsis and tetanus are severe forms of general wound infection. Causative agents include staphylococci, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and colon bacillus. Associations of these microorganisms are frequently observed. The causative agents of anaerobic infection are less commonly observed. Microorganisms always penetrate a wound, although infection rarely develops if the body and injured tissues are adequately resistant and primary surgical treatment is prompt.

Prevention of a wound infection depends on adequate primary surgical treatment of a wound. Treatment is aimed at suppressing the development of infection through administration of antibiotics and other antimicrobial preparations and at strengthening the defensive mechanisms of the afflicted individual; an adequate diet, transfusions of blood and protein preparations, and the administration of specific serums, toxoids, autovaccines, and gamma globulin serve the latter purpose.

References in periodicals archive ?
Some scholars studied the risk factors related to postoperative wound infection in HIV positive patients.
Bias was minimised by the assessment of passage of first flatus, presence of wound infection by senior registrar or senior resident (postgraduate trainee 3-4 years), common post-operative regime to patients of both groups and data being entered by postgraduate resident not participating in this study.
This is a descriptive study involving 280 cases of wound infection in various departments of a tertiary care unit.
The purpose of this retrospective record review was to identify evidence that supports use of an occlusive dry sterile dressing compared to a petroleum occlusive dressing for preventing air leaks and wound infection at the CT site.
Of this group, 540 were classified as pneumonia, 11 as postoperative wound infection and 13 as pneumonia and postoperative wound infection.
All patients except those who had developed surgical site post-operative wound infection and patients of TEPP and Stoppa's, were discharged on post-operative first day evening after full ambulation and full diet.
Sterile swabs were used for sample collection from the wounds of burn patients whom, based on clinical signs, we suspected had a wound infection.
Keywords: wound infection, post appendicectomy, povdone-iodine, irrigation
Patients from both groups were observed for the presence of wound infection.
Key words: Burn Wound Infection, Bacteremia, Pseudomonas species, Antibiotic Sensitivity, Vancomycin.
Furthermore, infective complications such as wound infection, wound dehiscence, burst abdomen, entero-cutaneous fistula and postoperative pneumonia further worsen the situation.