Wound Infection

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Wound Infection

 

a complication of a wound process arising from the reproduction of pathogenic microorganisms in a wound. A wound infection can manifest itself by local symptoms, for example, by suppuration, or by general symptoms, for example, by fever, weakness, or posttraumatic sepsis.

Sepsis and tetanus are severe forms of general wound infection. Causative agents include staphylococci, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and colon bacillus. Associations of these microorganisms are frequently observed. The causative agents of anaerobic infection are less commonly observed. Microorganisms always penetrate a wound, although infection rarely develops if the body and injured tissues are adequately resistant and primary surgical treatment is prompt.

Prevention of a wound infection depends on adequate primary surgical treatment of a wound. Treatment is aimed at suppressing the development of infection through administration of antibiotics and other antimicrobial preparations and at strengthening the defensive mechanisms of the afflicted individual; an adequate diet, transfusions of blood and protein preparations, and the administration of specific serums, toxoids, autovaccines, and gamma globulin serve the latter purpose.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Position document: identifinig criteria for wound infection. London: Mep Ltd.; 2005.
Key words: Burn Wound Infection, Bacteremia, Pseudomonas species, Antibiotic Sensitivity, Vancomycin.
The second section addresses the problems this bacteria creates in healthcare, discussing the study of biofilms and biofilm development; biofilms and healthcare-associated infections; the formation of biofilms; their role in intravascular catheter infections; ventilator-associated pneumonia, endotracheal tubes, and biofilms; antimicrobial chemotherapy; the biology of biofilm recalcitrance; microbial resistance and superbugs; preventing infection associated with urethral catheter biofilms; the presence and control of Legionella pneumophila and Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilms in hospital water systems; and wound infection. ([umlaut] Ringgold, Inc., Portland, OR)
The data were studied in term of wound infection, hospital stay, second surgery and morbidity.
Subjects and Methods: All cases were admitted in surgical ward with various surgical problems either as elective or emergency cases who developed wound infection later were included in the study.
If the surgeon deemed it necessary, a patient with a deep wound infection may have underwent multiple operative incision and drainage procedures, but that was not routine.
Background: Objective of this study was to determine the effectiveness of cefuroxime prophylaxis in controlling the postoperative wound infection in clean inguinal hernia mesh repair surgery and to compare single day and multiple (two) days antibiotic prophylaxis by means of hospital stay and cost effectiveness.
If such contaminated water is used to clean the catheters, surgical instruments and scopes surgical wound infection may occur.
Participants were identified as having confirmed puerperal sepsis by continuous surveillance for postnatal admissions for sepsis, or as having 'possible mild wound infection' (our own term), based on information obtained from follow-up telephone calls made to participants at 14 days postpartum.
Many surgeons believe that the absence of hair in the surgical field is essential for the maintenance of a sterile field to aid in the prevention of secondary wound infection. One argument supporting hair shaving is that the hair will always grow back and the inconvenience is a minor issue compared with the risk of deleterious surgical site infections.
Some of these suture materials have been associated with lower wound infection rates, reduced pain, improved cosmetic outcomes and cost-effectiveness.