Wrangel Island


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Related to Wrangel Island: Vrangel Island, Kotelny Island, St Lawrence Island

Wrangel Island

or

Wrangell Island

(răng`gəl), Rus. Ostrov Vrangelya, island, 1,740 sq mi (4,507 sq km), in the Arctic Ocean, between the East Siberian Sea and the Chukchi Sea, off NE Russia. It is separated from the mainland by Long Strait. Generally barren, frozen, and rocky, it has an arctic station and a permanent settlement. The island is a breeding ground for polar bears, polar foxes, seals, and lemmings. During the summer it is visited by numerous varieties of birds.

The island was sought by Russian Baron Ferdinand von WrangelWrangel, Wrangell, or Vrangel, Baron Ferdinand Petrovich von
, 1796–1870, Russian naval officer, arctic explorer, and government administrator.
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 during his arctic expedition of 1820–24; he had heard of it from Siberian natives, but he did not succeed in finding it. It was finally discovered by Thomas Long, captain of an American whaling ship, who named it for Wrangel. Later George W. De LongDe Long, George Washington
, 1844–81, American arctic explorer, b. New York City, grad. Annapolis, 1865. In 1873 he was assigned to the Juniata, which was sent to the arctic to search for C. F. Hall's expedition on the Polaris.
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, an American explorer, discovered that it was a small island and not a part of the mainland, as at first believed.

In 1911 a group of Russians made a landing on the island, and in 1921 Vilhjalmur StefanssonStefansson, Vilhjalmur
, 1879–1962, Arctic explorer, b. Canada, of Icelandic parents, educated at the Univ. of North Dakota, the State Univ. of Iowa, and Harvard. He led several expeditions of exploration and of ethnological and archaeological investigation in the Arctic.
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, the Canadian explorer, sent a small party to Wrangel with a view to claiming it for Great Britain. In 1926 the Soviet government established the first permanent colony there, ousting the few of Stefansson's Eskimo settlers who had remained. The Soviet freighter Chelyuskin, trying to discover (1933) whether an ordinary cargo ship could navigate the Northeast PassageNortheast Passage,
water route along the northern coast of Europe and Asia, between the Atlantic and Pacific oceans. Beginning in the 15th cent., efforts were made to find a new all-water route to India and China.
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, was crushed in the ice off Wrangel Island. The party was marooned on the island but was later rescued.

Wrangel Island

an island in the Arctic Ocean, off the coast of the extreme NE of Russia: administratively part of Russia; mountainous and mostly tundra. Area: about 7300 sq. km (2800 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
They also feature Vilhjalmur Stefansson's controversial projects on reindeer and muskox herding in the North, and his ill-conceived plan for the occupation of Wrangel Island (1921) and how these played out politically.
Carbon dating has shown that mammoths on Wrangel Island managed to hang on until 4,000 years ago - 6,000 years after their relatives had vanished from mainland Siberia.
The Wrangel Island population was the last of the creatures to go extinct.
Wooly mammoths are thought to have died out around 10,000 years ago, although scientists think small groups of them lived longer in Alaska and on Russia's Wrangel Island off the Siberian coast.
She spent two years with men who intended to colonize Wrangel Island near the Arctic Circle; she was left alone with a dying explorer and kept crude notes of the experience.
the Bering Strait, and Wrangel Island (off the US and the Russian Federation),
Miniature species of hippopotamus and elephant occurred on islands in the Mediterranean Ocean (Simmons 1999) and dwarfed mammoth species developed on Wrangel Island in the Arctic Ocean (Vartanyan et al.
The exhibition features specimens of dwarf mammoths from Wrangel Island in the Arctic Sea off the coast of Russia, representing the last mammoths on Earth.
After determining that the historical range of this species included arctic Russia, the FWS arranged for the capture of 40 muskoxen on Nunivak Island, Alaska, for transport to the Taimyr Peninsula and Wrangel Island in Russia.
Dr Nikita Ovsyanikov is Deputy Director for Science at Wrangel Island State Nature Reserve and Dr Andrei Boltunov is Senior Research Scientist at the All-Russian Institute for Nature Conservation.
The last known mammoths lived on Wrangel Island in Siberia 3,700 years ago, at the end of a time period called the Pleistocene epoch.
20 Wrangel Island off the north coast of Siberian Russia was the last known home of which well-known mammal species, that survived there as recently as 1,700BC?