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Wright, Frances(Fanny Wright), 1795–1852, Scottish-American reformer, later known as Mme Darusmont, b. Dundee, Scotland. After her first tour (1818–20) of the United States she wrote an enthusiastic account of her travels, Views of Society and Manners in America (1821). In 1824 she returned to the United States. Influenced by Robert Dale OwenOwen, Robert Dale,
1801–77, American social reformer, b. Scotland; son of Robert Owen. He studied at his father's New Lanark school and in Switzerland. In 1825 he went to New Harmony, Ind.
..... Click the link for more information. , she founded NashobaNashoba
, former community, Shelby co., SW Tenn., on the Wolf River just E of Memphis. It was established (1825) by Frances Wright and others, influenced by the model of New Harmony, to educate specially purchased slaves for freedom.
..... Click the link for more information. , a colony for free blacks, near Memphis, Tenn. After its failure she devoted herself to lecturing and publishing. She advocated equal rights for women, universal education, religious freedom, abolition, and birth control. In 1831 she married William P. Darusmont (or D'Arusmont); the marriage was dissolved in 1835.
See biographies by W. R. Waterman (1924) and A. J. G. Perkins and T. Wolfson (1939).
(Fanny Wright). Born Sept. 6, 1795, in Dundee, Scotland; died Dec. 13, 1852, in Cincinnati, Ohio. Figure of the working-class movement of the USA.
From 1818, except for brief intervals, Wright lived in the United States. In 1825, near Memphis, Tenn., she established a colony of former Negro slaves whose freedom had been bought with her own money (the colony broke up in 1830). At the end of the 1820’s, Wright took an active part in the Working Man’s Party, which was founded in New York. She popularized the ideas of R. Owen’s Utopian socialism and demanded the democratization of the political system of the United States and the introduction of a system of universal public education. Wright played a prominent role in antislavery agitation. She was also one of the first advocates of equal rights for women in the United States.