Wright brothers


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Related to Wright brothers: Orville Wright
The Wright brothers
Birthday
Died
Occupation
Orville: printer/publisher, bicycle retailer/manufacturer, airplane inventor/manufacturer, pilot trainer
Wilbur: editor, bicycle retailer/manufacturer, airplane inventor/manufacturer, pilot trainer

Wright brothers,

American airplane inventors and aviation pioneers. Orville Wright 1871–1948, was born in Dayton, Ohio, and Wilbur Wright, 1867–1912, near New Castle, Ind. Their interest in aviation was aroused in the 1890s by the German engineer Otto LilienthalLilienthal, Otto
, 1848–96, German aeronautical engineer, a pioneer in his experiments with gliders. He made major developments in the glider based on his observations of birds and wrote a number of books on aviation.
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's glider flights. Excellent mechanics, the Wrights used the facilities of the bicycle repair shop and factory which they operated (1892–1904) at Dayton for the construction of their early aircraft. By experimenting with movable portions of the wing assembly, rather than shifts in bodily weight, as a means of correcting the aircraft's position in flight they made an important improvement in aircraft design. During this period they also drew up valuable tables of wind pressure and drift. An engine was designed by Orville, and they constructed and attached it to their improved glider.

On Dec. 17, 1903, they made near Kitty Hawk, N.C., with its steady, moderate winds and long, soft beach, the first controlled, sustained flights in a power-driven airplaneairplane,
 aeroplane,
or aircraft,
heavier-than-air vehicle, mechanically driven and fitted with fixed wings that support it in flight through the dynamic action of the air.
..... Click the link for more information.
. Of their four flights on that day, the first, made by Orville, lasted 12 sec, and the fourth, by Wilbur, covered 852 ft (259 m) in 59 sec. The brothers continued their experiments at Dayton and built several biplanes. Record-breaking flights in 1908 by Orville in the United States and by Wilbur in France brought them worldwide fame. In 1909 the U.S. government accepted the Wright machine for army use, and the brothers established the Wright Company. The house where Orville was born and the bicycle-shop laboratory have been restored and were moved to Greenfield Village, Mich.

Bibliography

See their papers, ed. by M. W. McFarland (2 vol., 1953); C. P. Graves, The Wright Brothers (1973); P. Degan and L. Wescott, Wind and Sand (1983); F. Howard, Wilbur and Orville (1988); L. E. Tise, Conquering the Sky (2009); D. McCullough, The Wright Brothers (2015); bibliography ed. by A. G. Renstrom (1968).

Wright brothers

creators-aviators of first manned aircraft (1903). [Am. Hist.: Jameson, 563]

Wright Brothers

(Wilbur, 1867–1912) (Orville, 1871–1948) made the first controlled, sustained flight in a power-driven airplane (1903). [Am. Hist.: NCE, 3012]
See: Firsts
References in periodicals archive ?
17, which was successful, making him the first Wright brother to fly the aircraft.
The last words of the book are: "On July 20, 1969, when Neil Armstrong, another American born and raised in southwestern Ohio, stepped onto the moon, he carried with him, in tribute to the Wright brothers, a small swatch of the muslin from a wing of their 1903 Flyer" (262).
Author, historian and two-time winner of the Pulitzer Prize, McCullough painstakingly researched the Wright brothers including delving into a vast collection of private diaries, notebooks, scrapbooks, and more than one thousand letters from private family correspondence.
Nor was the success of the Wright brothers at Kitty Hawk a result of pure tinkering.
The Wright Brothers is merely this: a story, well told, about what might be the most astonishing feat mankind has ever accomplished." DANIEL OKRENT
Wright Brothers Global Gas specializes in compressed cylinder gases, argon, hydrogen, CO2 and specialty gases, cryogenics, helium, oxygen, nitrogen, acetylene, consolidated invoicing, cryogenic freezers, and high-pressure regulators.
Malloy named a German immigrant Gustave Whitehead, who is said to have flown in Connecticut in 1901, two years, four months and three days before the Wright Brothers' historical liftoff over Kitty Hawk, North Carolina, in December of 1903, the New York Daily News reported.
In the first class session for this topic, I started with gathering the class and using the first 15 minutes reading aloud from a book about the Wright Brothers. While I was not accustomed to extended read-aloud time with the students, I really enjoyed it, and the class listened with rapt attention.
"Wilbur tried to pump up the witnesses to get them to jump up and down and hoot and holler to encourage Orville," says Darrell Collins, the historian at Wright Brothers National Memorial.
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In the first two decades of aviation following the 1903 flight by the Wright brothers, it seemed that pursuit of powered flight belonged to this secretive, somewhat odd pair from Dayton, Ohio.
The Wright Brothers' School of Aviation was very active in Ohio from 1910 to 1916, training 113 men who shared their love of flying.