Wu P'ei-fu(wo͞o pā`-fo͞o), 1874–1939, Chinese general and political leader. He had a distinguished military career under the Ch'ing dynasty and was an important figure in the republic. For the most part Wu supported Yüan Shih-k'ai during his presidency. After Yüan's death (1916) Wu, as leader of the Zhili military faction, almost continuously warred with other military leaders, notably Chang Tso-lin, for the control of N China and the Beijing government. In 1926 he was defeated by the Northern ExpeditionNorthern Expedition,
in modern Chinese history, the military campaign by which the Kuomintang party overthrew the warlord-backed Beijing government and established a new government at Nanjing.
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