Wu Tse-Tien

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Wu Tse-T’ien


Born 624; died 705. The only empress in the history of China to rule in her own right. Reigned from 684 (690) until 705.

Wu Tse-t’ien was first the favorite and then the wife of Emperor Kao-tsung, who ruled from 649 (650) to 683. After the emperor died, Wu Tse-t’ien overthrew her sons, Chung-tsung and Jui-tsung, and proclaimed herself empress. In 690 she changed the dynastic name from “T’ang” to “Chou.” In the last year of the empress’ life, court officials forced her to renounce the throne in favor of Chung-tsung. “T’ang” again became the name of the dynasty.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Guisso, Wu Tse-tien and the Politics of Legitimation in T'ang China (Bellingham, Washington: Western Washington University Press, 1978), 5.
In fact, the author's changing attitude corresponds to the character transformation of Wu Tse-tien in the novel.