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Wuchang (wo͞o-chäng), former city, since 1950 part of Wuhan, E Hubei prov., China, on the right bank of the Chang River at the mouth of the Han. It is an administrative and cultural center, with diverse industries. The oldest of the three Wuhan cities, it dates from the Han dynasty (200 B.C.–A.D. 200). The first outbreak of the Revolution of 1911, which led to the formation of the Chinese republic, occurred there on Oct. 10. The day is celebrated as the Double Tenth, the tenth day of the tenth month. The city's numerous institutions of higher learning include Wuhan Univ.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a former city in China; since 1953 part of the city of Wuhan.

Founded in the third century, Wuch’ang was known as Chianghsia from the sixth to the 13th century. Under the Yuan Dynasty, which ruled during the 13th and 14th centuries, the city became a provincial capital. Wuch’ang was occupied by the Taiping rebels in 1853. The Wuch’ang Uprising of 1911 marked the beginning of the Hsinhai Revolution. From October 1938 to August 1945 the city was occupied by the Japanese. In May 1949, Wuch’ang was liberated from the Kuomintang by units of the People’s Liberation Army of China.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


, Wu-ch'ang
a former city of E central China: now a part of Wuhan
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005