Wu-ti

Wu-ti

(wo͞o dē), posthumous temple name of the 5th emperor (140 B.C.–87 B.C.) of the HanHan
, dynasty of China that ruled from 202 B.C. to A.D. 220. Liu Pang, the first Han emperor, had been a farmer, minor village official, and guerrilla fighter under the Ch'in dynasty.
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 dynasty. Wu-ti [Chin.,=martial emperor] ruled directly through a palace secretariat. During his vigorous reign he incorporated the native states of S China into the empire, drove the nomadic Hsiung-nu out of the Ordos region on the northern frontier, and extended Chinese rule to the Tarim basin of Central Asia (modern Xinjiang). Wu-ti was the first Chinese monarch to extend court patronage to ConfucianismConfucianism
, moral and religious system of China. Its origins go back to the Analects (see Chinese literature), the sayings attributed to Confucius, and to ancient commentaries, including that of Mencius.
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, although contemporary Confucian scholars emphasized cosmology and ritual rather than ethics.

Wu-Ti

 

Born 156 B.C.; died 87 B.C. Chinese emperor (140–87 B.C.) of the Western Han Dynasty.

Wu-ti’s reign was marked by consolidation of imperial power. In 127 B.C. a decree was issued concerning the division of the nobility’s landholdings among heirs. Wu-ti divided the country into 14 districts and sent inspectors into the districts to maintain control over the local rulers. He also introduced a system of state examinations for filling administrative posts. During his reign Confucianism was finally adopted as the official ideology. Wu-ti waged wars of conquest for more than 40 years against states located in the territories of modern Korea, Vietnam, and Mongolia. The wars significantly extended the empire’s borders, but they also weakened China and profoundly worsened the condition of the laboring masses.

References in periodicals archive ?
Several thousand years later, this mythology inspired Han Emperor Wu-ti (140-186 b.
MAKING CONNECTIONS: Why did Wu-ti of China see direct trade with distant peoples as an opportunity to make his empire mightier?
At the time, Emperor Wu-ti (woo-DEE) was fighting with the Xiongnu (hung-NOH), a nomadic tribe to the north.
Wu-ti sent one of his most trusted men, Zhang Qian (chen), on a crucial mission.
He seems to have been in the favor of emperor Wu-ti of Chin at this time (before the lead-up to the Wu war), and issued strong directives about the way his flute creations would be made immediately into the new musical system of the court.
As an example, Hsun Hsu wrote a lyric for a celebration of the war victory in 280 (a war that he had opposed); it was titled "A Poem on Accompanying Wu-ti to Feast at Hua-lin Park" [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII].
Here, the life and thought of Chin Wu-ti himself would be worth a full treatment.
The work ends with a collection of "Biographies" of famous individuals selected as exemplars of various types of conduct and also discusses the affairs of the various foreign peoples, whose existence was becoming increasingly important during the reign of the emperor Wu-ti.
A canny politician, Kuang Wu-ti created a regime which lasted for over two centuries.
Unfortunately, even these pages present not much more than a sketchy and stereotyped narrative of cultural decline; only in its final section on the sacrificial music of Ssu-ma Ch'ien's own emperor Han Wu-ti [CHINESE TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] (r.
This view is alien to the idea of scholarship under Han Wu-ti when individual specialists were assigned to individual books of the recently defined canon; it was indeed Kung-sun Hung who successfully proposed that one could graduate from the imperial academy by mastering a single canonical text.
Born into an aristocratic family in Shensi (Shanxi) (14); first demonstrated military ability when he took up arms against the usurper Wang Mang (23); assisted Kuang Wu-ti, Emperor of the revived, or New, Han, in planning the consolidation of the empire; his strategy was sound and won him several civil and military posts; gained further honors in campaigns against resistance in Hunan and along the south coast; led an army south to crush a revolt in Tonkin, and went on to conquer Annam; late in his career he was made governor of Kansu (Gansu) and conducted several campaigns against the Hsiung-nu nomads; died in 49.