Ürümqi

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Related to Wulumuqi: Urumqi

Ürümqi

or

Urumchi

(both: o͞oro͞om`chē), city (1994 est. pop. 1,130,300), capital of XinjiangXinjiang
or Sinkiang
[Chinese,=new frontier], officially Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region (Mandarin Xinjiang Uygur Zizhiqu), autonomous region (2010 pop. 21,813,334), c.637,000 sq mi (1,650,257 sq km), NW China.
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 Uygur Autonomous Region, NW China, in the Dzungarian basin. Ürümqi is an administrative and commercial center at the junction of several historical caravan routes from Central Asia, Lanzhou (Gansu prov.), and Kashi (Kashgar), and it remains a market and transshipment center for China's trade with Central Asia and Russia. It is linked to the Chinese rail network via Lanzhou. The main industrial center of Xinjiang, Ürümqi has benefited from the discovery of large petroleum deposits at KaramayKaramay
or Karamai
, city (1994 est. pop. 212,600), N Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, China, in the Dzungarian basin. Since the discovery (1955) there of one of the largest oil fields in China, it has grown into an oil-producing and refining center.
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. It has oil refineries, iron- and steelworks, textile mills, and plants manufacturing motor vehicles, agricultural machinery, chemicals, machine tools, and cement. Coal, tin, and silver mines are nearby. The population is mostly Uigur with minorities of Manchus, Chinese, and Kazakhs. Chinese influence began about 122 B.C. when Emperor Wu Ti of the Han dynasty conquered E Xinjiang. Ürümqi is the seat of Xinjiang Univ.; there is also a medical college, several technical institutes, and a museum with a rare collection of mummies. The city was called Dihua (Tihwa) until 1954.

Urumchi

, Urumqi, Wu-lu-mu-ch'i
a city in NW China, capital of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region: trading centre on a N route between China and central Asia. Pop.: 1 562 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
According to the growth rate of residential population from 2000 to 2010, 6 of the top 10 prefectures come from the east, including Xiamen (72%), Suzhou (54%), Shenzhen (48%), Beijing (45%), Huizhou (43%), and Sanya (42%); others come from the west, including Yinchuan (69%), Wulumuqi (49%), Kelamayi (45%), and Jiayuguan (45%) that have relatively small population sizes in 2000.
Qiang Ding, Institution of Urology, Department of Urology, Huashan Hospital, Fudan University, 12 Wulumuqi Middle Rd, Shanghai, 200040, P.
10) The People's Liberation Army (PLA) troops from the Military Regions of Chengdu and Lanzhou and their respective subdivisions, the Xizang (Tibet) and Wulumuqi (Urumqi), along China's southern borders, were also put on alert in January to test their war preparedness should the conflict in the Indian subcontinent spill over onto Chinese soil.
77) As tensions mounted in October-December 2001 between India and Pakistan over terrorist attacks on the Kashmir Assembly and Indian Parliament, PLA troops from the Military Regions of Chengdu and Lanzhou and their respective sub-divisions, the Xizang (Tibet) and Wulumuqi (Urumqi), along China's southern borders, were put on alert to test their war preparedness should the conflict in the Indian subcontinent spill over onto Chinese soil.
The showrooms will be located in high-end communities throughout the country including Liuzhou, Kunming, Wulumuqi, Chong Qing, Nanjing and Shenzhen.
The participants in this study were employees drawn from three branches of an air transportation group in Changsha, Shenyang, and Wulumuqi cities in China.
Wulumuqi Rd, Shanghai 200040, People's Republic of China, email: mgwang@fudan.