The European XFEL facility is 3.4 kilometers (2.1 miles) long, mostly underground, of which 2.1 kilometers make up the accelerator tunnel, where electron pulses are accelerated to prepare them for generating X-ray laser
But by the end of the eighties, Broad says, it had become obvious to everyone that the x-ray laser
would not work within the forseeable future.
The X-ray laser
used in the new work is so much brighter and faster than its predecessors that researchers don't need to grow their molecule of interest into a big, sturdy crystal.
Its perhaps most important component, the nuclear-pumped X-ray laser
, is the center of a hitherto secret row among his own lieutenants.
Department of Energy's (DOE) SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory scientists using SLAC's Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) X-ray laser
found that it takes only 1 trillionth of a second to flip the on-off electrical switch in samples of magnetite, which is thousands of times faster than in transistors now in use.
Summary: TEHRAN (FNA)- Scientists created the shortest, purest X-ray laser
pulses ever achieved, fulfilling a 45-year-old prediction and opening the door to a new range of scientific discovery.
Keane put his scientific career on hold, even though he was a leading research scientist in x-ray laser
research, at a time when scientific leadership was needed at DOE.
Like the hard X-ray laser
, the phonon laser--which doesn't produce electromagnetic waves at all--was a long time coming.
But as Roy Woodruff, associate director for defense systems at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, told Congress last year, "Certainly the scientifically significant breakthroughs in new weapon concepts, such as the X-ray laser
or any nuclear directed-energy weapon, would be stopped in the absence of testing.'
Washington, December 6 ( ANI ): Using the world's most powerful X-ray laser
, an international team of scientists has revealed the three dimensional structure of a key enzyme that enables the single-celled parasite that causes African trypanosomiasis (or sleeping sickness) in humans.