The only product segment to post declining sales for the year was Surface Analyzers (X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy
Using X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy
, the researchers determined that the metal flecks in the lint were composed of lead and tin (the elements of solder).
Other major end-users of atomic spectroscopy systems (arc-spark, atomic absorption, inductive coupled plasma, inductively coupled plasma-MS, X-ray diffraction and X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy
, elemental analyzers) in China include the metals and semiconductor/electronics industries.
Both were also the first of their line equipped for both gamma ray spectroscopy (measuring uranium, potassium and thorium) and X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy
(providing element-by-element analyses of silicon, aluminum, titanium, calcium, iron and other materials), clues to Venusian mineralogy.
Total reflectance X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy
(TXRF) is a variation on the standard X-ray fluorescence technique.
Arc/spark optical emission spectroscopy (OES), x-ray fluorescence spectroscopy
(XRF) and inorganic elemental analyzers are the primary analytical techniques used by the metals industry.