XDR


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XDR

XDR

(1) (EXternal Data Representation) A data format developed by Sun that is part of its networking standards. It deals with integer size, byte ordering, data representation, etc. and is used as an interchange format. Different systems convert data to XDR for sending and from XDR upon receipt.

(2) (XML-Data Reduced) An XML schema language from Microsoft prior to the W3C XML schema. XDR was released in 1999 as a working schema as part of Microsoft's BizTalk initiative. XDR supports data typing and XML namespaces. See XML schema and XML.

(3) (EXtreme Data Rate) A dynamic RAM chip technology from Rambus, Inc., Los Altos, CA (www.rambus.com) that is the successor to Rambus' RDRAM memory. Used in Sony's PlayStations 2 and 3 and various consumer electronics devices, the second generation XDR2 provides nearly 30 Gbytes/sec of bandwidth to a single device.
References in periodicals archive ?
We conducted a retrospective cohort study of patients initiating treatment for XDR TB in 2 contiguous provinces in South Africa.
4 The presence of a device like ETT and infection by an MDR or XDR organism can contribute to major morbidity and mortality in patients.
Prior treatment for MDR strains with the second-line drugs was the strongest risk factor for XDR tuberculosis, with a relative risk of 4.
Able to accommodate both new and existing racks, the Liebert XDR is designed to cool up to 20 kW of rack load, even in environments that may not be arranged in a hot aisle/cold aisle configuration.
The hospital environment has proven to be a favorable place to disseminate XDR M.
Under these circumstances, it is perhaps not surprising that South Africa has seen the re-emergence of coercive public health action (such as court orders) to enforce treatment and/or compulsory admission to hospital for XDR patients.
In Russia, 14% of MDR-TB strains are XDR, compared with 6% in the United States and Western Europe.
Around half a million people worldwide catch XDR TB every year.
Daly, professor of medicine at University of Massachusetts Medical School and clinical chief of Infectious Diseases and Immunology at UMass Memorial Health Care, both in Worcester, says it's a matter of time before the first XDR case is found in Massachusetts.
In October 2006, the World Health Organization convened an Emergency Global Task Force on XDR TB, which revised the case definition to specify resistance to at least isoniazid and rifampin among first-line anti-TB drugs, resistance to any fluoroquinolone, and resistance to at least one second-line injectable drug (amikacin, capreomycin, or kanamycin) (6).
The XDR exchangeable die rheometer is capable of three unique configurations and is said to greatly reduce machine costs.