And that you may not suppose the incompetent teachers to be only the meaner sort of Athenians and few in number, remember again that Thucydides had two sons, Melesias and Stephanus, whom, besides giving them a good education in other things, he trained in wrestling, and they were the best wrestlers in Athens: one of them he committed to the care of Xanthias
, and the other of Eudorus, who had the reputation of being the most celebrated wrestlers of that day.
In an exchange between Xanthias
and his fellow slave (799-802), we learn that the words of the two tragedians are to be measured not only metaphorically but also literally with rulers, "cubit" sticks, squares, diameter rulers, and wedges.
Empousa is a shapeshifter and part of Hecate's entourage, a chthonic dweller, the child-eating monster who frightens Xanthias
and Dionysus in Aristophanes' Frogs (285-96):
Four actors are required to play Dionysos, Aiskhylos, Euripides, and Plouton.(25) It may seem surprising that Xanthias
is not on-stage.
The audience clearly witness Strepsiades and Xanthias
setting about this on the skene roof (even if not to the extent of literally setting the skene on fire), as students flee the scene:
203-04); even Xanthias
, the slave, refuses to fight, wasting his chance for freedom (ll.
Derek Lucci Dionysus Pedro Pascal With: Purva Bedi, Davina Cohen, Charlie Hudson III, Michael Levinton, Tina Shepard, Anthony Mark Stockard.
Here, musical gods Nathan Lane and Brian Stokes Mitchell give spirited performances as Dionysius and Xanthias
, while longtime Sondheim orchestrator Jonathan Tunick serves up a playful choral majesty.
Similarly, at Frogs 549-78, `four actors are required to play Dionysos, Xanthias
, the Innkeeper, and Plathane' (MacDowell, 334).
In the Frogs (305 ff.) Dionysos demands that Xanthias
swear three times by Zeus that the monster Empousa has really gone away.
Knowing that Heracles has already been there, he borrows his famous lion skin as a disguise and sets off with his slave Xanthias
. When he arrives in Hades, he discovers that Heracles, who had once stolen the guardian dog Cerberus, is not popular there, and hastily changes costume with Xanthias
In act 1, scene 1, in lines added by Lane, Dionysus tells Xanthias
his reasons for traveling to Hades: "The Peloponnesian War still rages on, Xanthias