xanthine oxidase

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xanthine oxidase

[′zan‚thēn ′äk·sə‚dās]
(biochemistry)
A flavoprotein enzyme catalyzing the oxidation of certain purines.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
An extremely potent inhibitor of xanthine oxidoreductase: crystal structure of the enzyme-inhibitor complex and mechanism of inhibition.
Purification, characterisation and kinetic study on the milk molybdoflavoenzyme, xanthine oxidoreductase, from different species.
Xanthine oxidoreductase (XOR; EC 1.17.3.2) otherwise referred to as xanthine oxidase, xanthine oxidoreductase (XO) or xanthine dehydrogenase (XDH) is also an enzyme shown to produce NO (Harrison, 2002).
An extremely potent inhibitor of xanthine oxidoreductase. Crystal structure of the enzyme-inhibitor complex and mechanism of inhibition.
Polito, "Pathophysiology of circulating xanthine oxidoreductase: new emerging roles for a multi-tasking enzyme," Biochimica et Biophysica Acta, vol.
The results revealed that administration of adenosine before irradiation induced significant protection to the parameters of oxidative stress, amelioration of xanthine oxidoreductase (XOR) system and uric acid, besides significant improvement of markers of heart damage.
Fitzgerald et al., "Xanthine oxidoreductase promotes the inflammatory state of mononuclear phagocytes through effects on chemokine expression, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-[gamma] sumoylation, and HIF-1[alpha]," Journal of Biological Chemistry, vol.
The enzyme xanthine oxidoreductase (XOR) has a wide distribution throughout living organisms and is highly conserved in prokaryotic, plant, and animal species (reviewed in [1]).