Marie François Xavier Bichat

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Bichat, Marie François Xavier


Born Nov. 14, 1771, in Thoirette; died July 22, 1802, in Paris. French anatomist, physiologist, and physician.

Bichat studied at Montpellier, Lyon, and Paris. He worked as a physician in a Paris hospital from 1799 to the end of his life. Bichat created a scientific classification of tissues, which, according to his theory, unite into systems (for example, bones and muscles) and form organs of the body. The terms “tissue” and “system” were first introduced into medicine by Bichat. According to Bichat, the totality of systems and their elementary functions constitute the life processes of the body. In his Weltanschauung, Bichat was an idealist who believed in the presence of a life-force which is unknowable and distinguishes the animate from the vegetable and inanimate.


In Russian translation:
Fiziologicheskie issledovaniia o zhizni i smerti. St. Petersburg, 1865.


Lunkevich, V. V. Ot Geraklita do Darvina, vol. 2. Moscow-Leningrad, 1940.
Olmsted, J. Franqois Magendie. New York, 1945.
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Cuando Xavier Bichat murio, el cirujano Jean-Nicolas Corvisart escribio a Napoleon que Bichat acababa de morir.
El desarrollo de la que sera la anatomia patologica como ciencia se inicia con Xavier Bichat, quien nacio el mismo dia que el pueblo frances se tomo La Bastilla y murio a la temprana edad de 32 anos, probablemente como consecuencia de una enfermedad infecciosa adquirida en la practica de necropsias.
Scientists ranging from the proto-Idealist John Hunter (influential on Coleridge and his scientific circle), to the materialist Xavier Bichat struggled with the mystery of what constituted life, and often concluded that it existed at a level well below organic form.
His illustrious teachers included Guillaume Dupuytren, Xavier Bichat, and Jean Nicolas Corvisart.
Lombrail Departement de Sante Publique, Faculte Xavier Bichat, 16 rue Henri Huchard, 75018 Paris, France
The French physician Marie Francois Xavier Bichat (1771-1802) was notable for the many postmortems he conducted in his very short professional life.
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This contract relates to a project management assignment for the proposed restructuring and expansion of the pet from the Inserm U1148 structure on the site Xavier Bichat estimated at 1.6 million euros.
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Contract notice: Animal husbandry services of the sopf area pet site xavier bichat in favor of the u1149.