Xavier de Maistre


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Maistre, Xavier de

 

Born Nov. 8, 1763, in Chambéry, Savoie; died June 12, 1852, in St. Petersburg. Count; French writer, scientist, artist, and military figure. Brother of J. de Maistre.

De Maistre emigrated to Russia in 1800. There he became an officer in the Russian Army, taking part in wars in the Caucasus and Persia. He later became director and librarian of the Admiralty Museum in St. Petersburg. He was a member of the academies of science of Turin (his works on physics and chemistry appeared in the academy’s annals) and of Savoie.

De Maistre’s first work, A Journey Around My Room (1794; Russian translation, 1802), was distinguished for its direct and lively narrative style. His novellas on Russian themes attracted the attention of C.-A. Sainte-Beuve in France and A. F. Vel’tman and V. I. Dal’ in Russia. His novella The Young Siberian Girl (1815) has become a children’s classic (Russian translation, 1840). De Maistre also translated fables by I. A. Krylov into French. He was well known as a painter of miniatures (including a portrait of N. O. Pushkina, mother of the poet) and landscapes.

WORKS

Oeuvres completes. New edition with a preface by M. Sainte-Beuve. Paris, 1894.

REFERENCES

“Iz materialov Stroganovskoi Akademii: Neopubl. proizv. K. de Mestra i Z. Volkonskoi.” In Literaturnoe nasledstvo, vols. 33–34. Moscow, 1939.
Sainte-Beuve, C.-A. Portraits contemporains, vol. 3. Paris, 1870.
Berthier, A. X. de Maistre. Lyon, 1921.

M. A. GOL’DMAN

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
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Abu Dhabi Classics is hosting French harpist Xavier de Maistre for two captivating performances in the emirate tonight and tomorrow at the arts and culture hub Manarat Al Saadiyat on Saadiyat Island and the historic Bin Hamoodah Fort in Al Ain respectively.
"The harp can sound like a whole orchestra," says French harpist Xavier de Maistre ahead of his show in the UAE's capital as part of Abu Dhabi Classics.
O pais em que, em 1794, passeia Xavier de Maistre, cabe numa sala e distribui-se por uma cama, uma mesa, algumas cadeiras e uma poltrona, uma lareira, uma secretaria, tudo reflectido num espelho a par dos materiais da escrita.
Internationally renowned French harpist Xavier De Maistre will return to Beirut, plucking classics adapted for the harp such as Khatchaturian's "Danse Orientale" and "Toccata," and Walter-KE-hne's "Fantasy on the Themes of [Tchaikovsky's] 'Eugene Onegin.'"
Rhian Davies, artistic director, said: "I'm especially delighted to feature Wales debuts for the distinguished French artists Christophe Rousset and Les Talens Lyriques, Ensemble Amarillis, Les Folies francoises, pianist Anne Queffelec, harpist Xavier de Maistre, mezzo-soprano Stephanie d'Oustrac with pianist Pascal Jourdan and Ensemble Variances.
6 (Pathetique) and also welcomes harpist Xavier de Maistre to play Gliere's Harp Concerto.
Soloists with whom he is working include Emmanuel Ax, Boris Berezovsky, Gautier Capucon, Leon Fleischer, Hakan Hardenberger, Nobuko Imai, Daishin Kashimoto, Daniel Muller-Schott, Xavier de Maistre, Steven Osborne, Vadim Repin, Fazil Say, Baiba Skride, Jean-Yves Thibaudet and Daniil Trifonov.
But step forward French virtuoso Xavier de Maistre, on a first visit to Liverpool, and the perspective changes.
Contemporaries commonly defined his prose style as in the lineage of Laurence Sterne and Xavier de Maistre, his miniaturist-cum-novelist literary godfather.