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Open source virtualization software that is used to partition workstations and servers into separate virtual machines, each containing its own copy of an OS. Pronounced "zen," and developed at the University of Cambridge in the U.K., Xen is noted for its fast response and low overhead. Xen is a small, low-level "hypervisor," which is the first control software loaded when the computer starts up.

Originally developed for x86 machines, support for the IA-64 (Itanium) and POWER5 (Mac) platforms followed. Xen began gaining wide acceptance in the Linux server market in the 2005 time frame.

The OS Must Be Ported
Xen uses one or more privileged "guest" operating systems for handling the actual device drivers for the hardware. Known as "paravirtualization" and unlike VM environments where the OS runs as is, the OS that runs on top of Xen must be programmed to call Xen virtual drivers, which, in turn, call the real drivers. Linux and versions of Unix were the first operating systems ported to Xen.

Because the real drivers run outside of Xen, the machine can always be booted into a consistent, secure base personality. In addition, a virtual machine (OS and apps) can be moved to another server and continue running in a matter of seconds.

No Porting for Hardware Virtualization
There is no requirement to port the operating system to Xen if the hardware platform offers support for virtualization, such as Intel's VT, AMD's AMD-V and IBM's POWER architecture. For more information, visit www.xen.org. See XenServer, XenSource, virtual machine, VT, AMD-V and paravirtualization.

A Xen Virtual Machine
Xen uses one or more privileged guest operating systems for driver control, and other operating systems communicate via Xen virtual drivers.
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References in periodicals archive ?
According to the company, XEN is CE marked in the EU for the reduction of intraocular pressure in patients with primary open angle glaucoma where previous medical treatments have failed.
'xen.xen-bootargs = "console=dtuart dtuart=serial0 dom0_mem=512M bootscrub=0 maxcpus=l time r_slop=0";'
The researchers said XEN cells have characteristics that pluripotent stem cells do not have.
According to the company, Xen virtualization technology built into SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 10 will enable BMW to increase flexibility in managing server life cycles.
Xen is the industry-standard open source infrastructure virtualization software created and maintained by the founders of XenSource, Inc., and developed collaboratively by 20 of the world's most innovative data center solution vendors.
With 70 employees, XEN provides quality systems engineering, engineering design, distance learning, training development, multimedia support, electronic commerce, and data security services to national intelligence organizations, the Dept.
Two workers of IESCO are working as the front men of the SDO Murtaza who after getting bribe openly from the people give them new electricity connection within a week time, whereas the dishonest SDO takes the approval of every new connection from Executive Engineer (XEN) Zahid Saleem Usmani , deputed at IESCO headquarters.
The petition is filed by accused Shehryar Kiyani who was arrested by the Counter Terrorism Department (CTD) in connection with the murder of XEN Yousaf Hussain in Abbottabad on Dec 10, 2016.
During the investigation it was revealed that Ex XEN Industries and Commerce Department Govt of Balochistan issued 48 Tenders to his favorite Contractor and received bribe of millions of rupees.It was further surfaced that accused held on accounts of rupees 100 million in which he placed his ill gotten money.
As per details, on Monday an operation was held under supervision of XEN WAPDA Zaman Afridi and XEN PESCO Muhammad Ayaz Khan along with police and many other officers.
M2 PHARMA-June 16, 2016-Allergan plc announces US FDA acceptance of premarket notification application for XEN Glaucoma Treatment System
M2 EQUITYBITES-June 16, 2016-Allergan plc announces US FDA acceptance of premarket notification application for XEN Glaucoma Treatment System