Xenocrates


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Xenocrates

(zĭnŏk`rətēz), 396–314 B.C., Greek philosopher, b. Chalcedon, successor of Speusippus as head of the AcademyAcademy,
school founded by Plato near Athens c.387 B.C. It took its name from the garden (named for the hero Academus) in which it was located. Plato's followers met there for nine centuries until, along with other pagan schools, it was closed by Emperor Justinian in A.D. 529.
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. He was a disciple of Plato, whom he accompanied to Sicily in 361 B.C. His ascetic life and noble character greatly influenced his pupils. He was the first to divide philosophy into dialectic (or logic), physics, and ethics, the latter two being his principal themes. He held that mathematical objects and the Platonic Ideas are both substances, and both identical, causing Aristotle to say of him that he "made ideal and mathematical number the same." His Platonic ethics taught that virtue produces happiness, although external goods can contribute. Only fragments of his work survive.

Xenocrates

temperate philosopher, noted for contempt of wealth. [Gk. Hist.: Brewer Dictionary, 1169]

Xenocrates

?396--314 bc, Greek Platonic philosopher
References in periodicals archive ?
Quando seu corpo ja fora totalmente destrocado pela paralisia, enderecou-se a Xenocrates ordenando-o ir a ele e sucede-lo na escola.
xenocrates se dispone mas estilizada y esbelta, con el uncus mas largo y delgado, la constriccion dorsoventral en su base es menos evidente que la especie anterior.
(4) As to Xenocrates's position of belief as a blend of episteme and aisthesis, (see Dillon 2003: 124-5) and as to Proclus, see his commentary on the Timaeus, 248, 14-22.
Sao coisas mais veneraveis do que a avidez do sabio legislador, Solon, avidez que Creso desmascarou gracas ao ouro lidio; que o amor da beleza professado por Socrates -- e nao ouso pronunciar o termo pederastia, que nao esta fora de questao segundo especulacoes decentes -- que a gulodice de Platao na Sicilia, que o fez ser vendido e impediu que fosse resgatado por algum de seus discipulos ou por um grego; que a voracidade de Xenocrates; que as tolices do habitante do tonel, Diogenes, quando ele expulsa da tragedia seus hospedes, os paes comuns, para dar lugar aos tiranos, ou seja, aos bolos de gergelim; que a filosofia de Epicuro, que nao definiu nenhum bem superior ao prazer.
One thing leads to another, and Schwindt's third chapter traces the various views held by ancient writers in various parts of the Mediterranean world, beginning with Mesopotamia, and on through cultures enriched by the pre-Socratics (especially Heraclitus of Ephesus), Plato, the Old Academy (especially Xenocrates), eminent Stoics, and the Middle Platonists Plutarch and Apuleius (with focus on their views of daemons).
(25) Others specifically named by Cicero are Epicurus, the Scythian Anacharsis and Xenocrates, the peripatetic contemporary of Diogenes.
There is some evidence that Speusippus and Xenocrates, Plato's successors at the Academy, viewed Plato's account of the demiurge as standing in a causal, rather than temporal, relation to the cosmos, i.e., that the cosmos is generated and so causally dependent upon the demiurge and yet is eternal.
(13) Later biographical sources, although not always trustworthy, suggest numerous teacher-student relationships of a pederastic nature: the philosophers Parmenides and Zeno, Xenocrates and Polemon, Polemon and Crates, Crantor and Arcesilaus, the sculptors Pheidias and Agoracritus of Paros, the physician Theomedon and Eudoxus of Cnidus.