No significant differences in measured SOC stocks occurred between the three land uses of the Plains region, where variation both within and between land use groups was particularly low on the sampled Xeralf (red brown earth) soil type (Table 3).
In the Plains region, selected land uses were (i) continuous cropping, (ii) rotational cropping, and (iii) pastures on Xeralfs (red-brown earths).
Sampling regions and land use descriptions Two soil types and six land use groups were selected for sampling (Stephens 1953; Soil Survey Staff 1994) Rainfall Soil type Major Description zone land use Plains region 350-500 mm Xeralfs (red- Pasture Sites in pasture at least (average brown 9 years out of the last 431 mm) earths) 10.
Both Samians and Argives claimed that their imposing temples of Hera were at the birthplace of the queen of heaven (Olalla 2002) and at both sites, soil is thick, clayey and high in alumina (Xeralf) compared with other soils.
The native soils of Greece are limited in variety: largely Entisols (Fluvents, Orthents, Psamments), Inceptisols (Xerepts, Andepts, Anthrepts), Alfisols (Xeralfs), Mollisols (Xerolls), Vertisols (Xererts) and Andisols (Food and Agriculture Organization 1981).
While the 2500 years separating us from Classical Greece is a long time in human history, Xeralfs (Figure 5e-f) and Calcids (Figure 51-m) require 2 to 10 times that length of development (Pope & Van Andel 1984; Woodward et al.