Xerostomia


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.

Xerostomia

 

dryness in the mouth. It is observed in affection of the salivary glands as a result of bilateral neuritis of the facial nerve, pathological processes in the hypothalamic region of the brain, diabetes mellitus, pernicious anemia, pulmonary tuberculosis, diffuse thyrotoxic goiter, and some other diseases. It is found in elderly people and in cases of emaciation resulting from starvation. It is often combined with xerophthalmia and glossalgia. It is manifested by burning in the tongue, gums, lips, and cheeks and difficulty in swallowing food; saliva secretion is decreased or completely absent. Xerostomia is often accompanied by caries. Treatment calls for the removal of the basic disease.

References in periodicals archive ?
c) There is also medical therapies that result in xerostomia.
The second measure, MD Anderson Symptom Inventory Head and Neck (MDASI-HN), ranked the severity of cancer-related symptoms, other than xerostomia, and their interference with quality of life.
Chronic complications include mucosal fibrosis and atrophy, xerostomia, xerostomia caries, infections (primarily candidiasis), tissue necrosis (soft tissue necrosis and osteonecrosis), taste dysfunction (dysgeusia/ageusia), muscular and cutaneous fibrosis,1 and dysphagia.
The objective of our study was to determine the feasibility, efficacy, and complications of noninvasive neuromuscular E-stim in increasing salivation in post-irradiated head and neck cancer patients with xerostomia.
La presencia de xerostomia se presento en un porcentaje superior al encontrado por Sherson W y col.
The company also introduced two new product lines in the first quarter: The Zinx line of products for relief of cold and allergy symptoms, and Aquoral, a FDA-approved oral spray for the treatment of Xerostomia or "Dry Mouth.
The objective of this study is to determine the histological description of the minor salivary glands obtained from the biopsies of xerostomia patients and to classify the minor salivary gland histological aspect as the Sjogren's Syndrome.
Among the potential causes other than menopause and diabetes are candidiasis, nutritional deficiencies (especially B-vitamin deficiencies), drugs, xerostomia, dry mouth, and trauma (particularly from dentures).
Some complications occur only during treatment; others, such as xerostomia, may persist for years afterward.
Xerostomia or dry mouth may develop as a result of salivary gland dysfunction due to radiation therapy for head and neck cancer, pharmacological agents or autoimmune diseases such as Sjogren's syndrome [13].
Over 400 drugs have been identified as causing hyposalivation and xerostomia (dry mouth) (Sreebny & Valdini, 1987).