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(Xerox Corporation, Stamford, CT, A major manufacturer of analog and digital copy machines, computer printers and document management systems. Corporate headquarters are in Stamford, CT, while manufacturing and marketing is in Rochester, NY.

In 1906, the Haloid Company was founded in Rochester to manufacture and sell photographic paper. In 1947, it acquired the license to Chester Carlson's basic xerographic patents from Batelle Development Corporation and sold the first xerographic copier in 1950. In 1958, the company changed its name to Haloid Xerox, and three years later, to Xerox Corporation.

The Xerox 914 copier, introduced in 1959, was an outstanding success, and the xerography technology catapulted the company into the major leagues. Over the years, Xerox acquired a wide variety of companies in computers, financial services, publishing and education, many of which it sold or spun off later on. For more details about the xerographic process, see electrophotographic.

Its creation in 1970 of PARC (Palo Alto Research Center) resulted in major contributions to the computer industry, including the development of the first workstation with a graphical user interface, the mouse and Ethernet. As copy machines and printers merge into the world of networked document management, Xerox is at the forefront of this market, while continuing to research and develop new technologies.

The name Xerox means "dry writing" in Greek. The word xero means "dry," and graphy means "write." Carlson's invention used a dry, granular ink which replaced the messy liquid ink of the times.

The First Xerox Machine
The first xerographic copier was sold in 1950. Although manually operated, it was the progenitor of the 914. See Xerox Model A. (Image courtesy of Xerox Corporation.)

The Model 914
Nine years after the Model A, Xerox produced its first automatic xerographic machine. It was an outstanding success (see Xerox 914). (Image courtesy of Xerox Corporation.)

The First Commercial GUI
Xerox's Star workstation was the first commercial implementation of the graphical user interface. The Star was introduced in 1981 and was the inspiration for the Mac and all the other GUIs that followed. (Image courtesy of Palo Alto Research Center.)

Xerox Palo Alto Research Center
PARC is located in the Stanford University Industrial Park in Palo Alto, California (see PARC). (Image courtesy of Palo Alto Research Center; Brian Tramontana, photographer.)

What does it mean when you dream about Xerox?

Xerox may be a trade name for photocopying but it has also become synonymous with the activity of paper copying. Therefore, this term can be simply represent copying at your office, thus referring to a familiar activity. It can suggest wanting to repeat, or re-do, an action of some kind that one is either dissatisfied with or wishes to repeat.

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A results-oriented salesman turned computer systems junkie, Barton speaks with confident assurance when describing his vision for Xerox.
With the addition of the 500 image-per-minute Xerox 495, the Xerox continuous-feed line now includes 11 different products that range in speed from 250 simplex to 1064 duplex ipm, giving commercial print shops, in-plant print operations and service bureaus even more flexibility to produce high-volume print jobs.
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text paper and the entire Xerox Digital Color Select Gloss product line are available in North America from Xerox's direct sales force, authorized resellers and at www.
The book was printed on the Xerox iGen3([R]) Digital Production Press with a Xerox FreeFlow([R]) DocuSP([R]) print server using Adobe InDesign software.
With the breakthrough printer architecture, the machine actually thinks for itself," said Sophie Vandebroek, Xerox chief technology officer and president, Xerox Innovation Group.
Xerox will take the wraps off the new system at Graph Expo next week in Chicago, where the company is staging a 15,000-square-foot exhibit of digital technology and software.
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So Xerox Corporation (NYSE: XRX) is launching a combination of digital technology and software to help print professionals provide textbook publishers and school districts with tailor-made textbooks.
Xerox opened three new Imaging Services Centers in Venray, The Netherlands; Madrid, Spain; and Ebina, Japan.
Starting at a base price of $2,199 and with speeds up to 45 pages per minute, the WorkCentre 4150 is the first Xerox multifunction product in its class to be sold through reseller partners and other channels serving a broad base of customers.
Xerox resellers and independent sales agents are now better equipped to help customers uncover document costs and make fact-based business decisions on the best ways to manage printing and related work processes.