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(Xerox Corporation, Stamford, CT, A major manufacturer of analog and digital copy machines, computer printers and document management systems. Corporate headquarters are in Stamford, CT, while manufacturing and marketing is in Rochester, NY.

In 1906, the Haloid Company was founded in Rochester to manufacture and sell photographic paper. In 1947, it acquired the license to Chester Carlson's basic xerographic patents from Batelle Development Corporation and sold the first xerographic copier in 1950. In 1958, the company changed its name to Haloid Xerox, and three years later, to Xerox Corporation.

The Xerox 914 copier, introduced in 1959, was an outstanding success, and the xerography technology catapulted the company into the major leagues. Over the years, Xerox acquired a wide variety of companies in computers, financial services, publishing and education, many of which it sold or spun off later on. For more details about the xerographic process, see electrophotographic.

Its creation in 1970 of PARC (Palo Alto Research Center) resulted in major contributions to the computer industry, including the development of the first workstation with a graphical user interface, the mouse and Ethernet. As copy machines and printers merge into the world of networked document management, Xerox is at the forefront of this market, while continuing to research and develop new technologies.

The name Xerox means "dry writing" in Greek. The word xero means "dry," and graphy means "write." Carlson's invention used a dry, granular ink which replaced the messy liquid ink of the times.

The First Xerox Machine
The first xerographic copier was sold in 1950. Although manually operated, it was the progenitor of the 914. See Xerox Model A. (Image courtesy of Xerox Corporation.)

The Model 914
Nine years after the Model A, Xerox produced its first automatic xerographic machine. It was an outstanding success (see Xerox 914). (Image courtesy of Xerox Corporation.)

The First Commercial GUI
Xerox's Star workstation was the first commercial implementation of the graphical user interface. The Star was introduced in 1981 and was the inspiration for the Mac and all the other GUIs that followed. (Image courtesy of Palo Alto Research Center.)

Xerox Palo Alto Research Center
PARC is located in the Stanford University Industrial Park in Palo Alto, California (see PARC). (Image courtesy of Palo Alto Research Center; Brian Tramontana, photographer.)

What does it mean when you dream about Xerox?

Xerox may be a trade name for photocopying but it has also become synonymous with the activity of paper copying. Therefore, this term can be simply represent copying at your office, thus referring to a familiar activity. It can suggest wanting to repeat, or re-do, an action of some kind that one is either dissatisfied with or wishes to repeat.

References in periodicals archive ?
Today, Xerox is moving way beyond copiers, reasserting itself in the fast-changing world of information technology.
Xerox is targeting the continuous-feed market with the same intensity as the cut-sheet side of the business," said Quincy Allen, president, Xerox Production Systems Group.
The 110 page-per-minute digital presses are the first Xerox products for EarthColor.
Xerox is simultaneously making its most significant investment in resellers and independent agents since it launched these channels.
We are making our most significant investment in reseller and agent partnerships since we launched these distribution channels," said Jim Firestone, president, Xerox North America.
With these new offerings, Xerox is well-positioned to grab market share," said Keith Kmetz, IDC.
Now, Xerox generates more than two-thirds of its equipment sales from products launched in the last two years, plus the Xerox iGen3([R]) digital production press," says Sophie Vandebroek, president of the Xerox Innovation Group and chief technology officer.
In a time when so many companies are only concerned with making a sale, Xerox has always approached us, over the last 18 years, in a way that made us feel like we were strengthening a long-term relationship, not just closing a deal," said Phil Schmidt, president, Great Originals Inc.
a healthcare company that was formed to acquire, develop, and operate hospitals, imaging centers and dialysis/renal centers has recently replaced its previous scanning solution with the Xerox DocuMate 632 and AXIS 70U.
Each generation of Xerox people strives to leave the company, the communities in which we do business, and the world at large better than we found it.
The partnership between Xerox and The Nature Conservancy is extremely important because through it, we have the ability to reach and influence the paper suppliers in Xerox's supply chain," said Steve McCormick, president and CEO of The Nature Conservancy.