Xerox PARC

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/zee'roks park'/ Xerox Corporation's Palo Alto Research Center.

For more than a decade, from the early 1970s into the mid-1980s, PARC yielded an astonishing volume of ground-breaking hardware and software innovations. The modern mice, windows, and icons (WIMP) style of software interface was invented there. So was the laser printer and the local-area network; Smalltalk; and PARC's series of D machines anticipated the powerful personal computers of the 1980s by a decade. Sadly, the prophets at PARC were without honour in their own company, so much so that it became a standard joke to describe PARC as a place that specialised in developing brilliant ideas for everyone else.

The stunning shortsightedness and obtusity of XEROX's top-level suits has been well described in the reference below.

["Fumbling The Future: How XEROX Invented, Then Ignored, the First Personal Computer" by Douglas K. Smith and Robert C. Alexander (William Morrow & Co., 1988, ISBN 0-688-09511-9)].
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Xerox PARC

(Xerox Palo Alto Research Center) Xerox's R&D center in Palo Alto, California. PARC became a Xerox subsidiary in 2002. See PARC and Xerox.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Robert Metcalfe, an engineer at the Xerox PARC and one of the principle architects of Ethernet, often tells an origin story in which he borrowed the ether metaphor from Victorian era physicists (Metcalfe, 1985, p.
Dealers of Lightning: Xerox PARC and the Dawn of the Computer Age
But perhaps the nation's most productive research center is Xerox PARC. Beyond having developed many of the seminal concepts that spawned the computing revolution, PARC has racked up what may be the highest ration of patents per employee of any U.S.
To gain a clearer sense of the approach, C&CRS can be compared with the PAIR program conducted at Xerox PARC, and reported by Harris [3].
Recent developments at Xerox PARC (ubiquitous computing) will allow close tracking of personnel movements and face-to-face interactions which can be archived to provide an intimate record of the work of consenting individuals and groups (Financial Times, 1994).
This was a fine metaphor, back in the days of Xerox Parc and the original Mac, which had no hard disk and a single 720k floppy.
But in a IT world of deep shifts in architecture it doesn't pay to be too sceptical - remember the cataclysm wrought by an unknown Steve Jobs (who founded Apple) based on a 1979 visit to Xerox PARC research facilities and seeing a very primitive GUIand mouse-driven prototype and realising their potential.
Companies subscribing to services, and which have been members of Stardust's technology initiatives since its 1995 launch, include 3Com, Ascend Communications, Cisco Systems, Hewlett-Packard, IBM, Intel, Lucent Technologies, MCI, Microsoft, Netscape, Silicon Graphics, Sun Microsystems, and Xerox PARC.
DpiX, based in Beaverton, Oregon, was a spin-off from Xerox PARC back in 1996
A senior research fellow at Xerox PARC, with more than 60 patents, Sheridon pioneered development of electronically re- imageable coatings in the late 1970s.
Xerox PARC now employs a small battalion of xenographers -- scientists who specialize in the study of human interaction.
MORAN ( is a principal scientist at Xerox PARC in Palo Alto, CA.

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