Xerox PARC

Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.


/zee'roks park'/ Xerox Corporation's Palo Alto Research Center.

For more than a decade, from the early 1970s into the mid-1980s, PARC yielded an astonishing volume of ground-breaking hardware and software innovations. The modern mice, windows, and icons (WIMP) style of software interface was invented there. So was the laser printer and the local-area network; Smalltalk; and PARC's series of D machines anticipated the powerful personal computers of the 1980s by a decade. Sadly, the prophets at PARC were without honour in their own company, so much so that it became a standard joke to describe PARC as a place that specialised in developing brilliant ideas for everyone else.

The stunning shortsightedness and obtusity of XEROX's top-level suits has been well described in the reference below.

["Fumbling The Future: How XEROX Invented, Then Ignored, the First Personal Computer" by Douglas K. Smith and Robert C. Alexander (William Morrow & Co., 1988, ISBN 0-688-09511-9)].

Xerox PARC

(Xerox Palo Alto Research Center) Xerox's R&D center in Palo Alto, California. PARC became a Xerox subsidiary in 2002. See PARC and Xerox.
References in periodicals archive ?
In this environment, Xerox PARC was responsible for what would prove to be some of the most influential developments for personal computing: the graphical user interface with mouse, icons, overlapping windows, the laser printer, the Ethernet, and the personal computer.
Not only is "ether" part of the name for the LAN system, the ether metaphor was used extensively in documents that circulated within the Xerox PARC.
Source: Xerox PARC, Palo Alto, CA, 650/812-4000; http://www.
Calimetrics's CEO is Ken Campbell, formerly with Xerox PARC, who worked with Pinnacle Micro on the high-capacity Apex MO system.
Ralph Merlde, a leading scientist who recently left a research position at Xerox PARC to work for Zyvex, the first start-up trying to build nanoassemblers, doesn't think that's likely.
DpiX, based in Beaverton, Oregon, was a spin-off from Xerox PARC back in 1996
Women and Minorities in Science: Anita Borg, Xerox PARC
s at Microsoft, Sun, Xerox PARC, Apple and others who are figuring out how information-sharing affects behavior.
All complex biological and economic systems work this way," says Tad Hogue, a member of the research staff at Xerox PARC.

Full browser ?