Xiamen


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Xiamen

(shyä`mŭn`) or

Amoy

(ämoi`), city (1994 est. pop. 458,000), S Fujian prov., China, on Xiamen island, at the mouth of the Jiulong River. It has an excellent natural harbor and is connected to the mainland by a railroad (built 1957) that crosses on a dike. Fishing, shipbuilding, food processing, and tanning are the major industries; machine tools and chemicals are also manufactured. Xiamen has been designated a special economic development city, in part because of its key position across the Taiwan Strait from Taiwan. Opposite Xiamen proper, across the inner harbor, is the island of Gulangxu, the former foreign settlement and a fine residential section. Xiamen was one of the earliest seats of European commerce in China, with Portuguese (16th cent.) and Dutch (17th cent.) establishments. It was captured (1841) by the British in the Opium WarOpium Wars,
1839–42 and 1856–60, two wars between China and Western countries. The first was between Great Britain and China. Early in the 19th cent., British merchants began smuggling opium into China in order to balance their purchases of tea for export to Britain.
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 and became a treaty porttreaty port,
port opened to foreign trade by a treaty. The term is usually confined to ports in those countries that formerly strongly objected to foreign trade or attempted altogether to exclude it. Thus it is used especially in reference to Japan and China.
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 in 1842. It was long a Chinese port of emigration, mainly to SE Asia. Xiamen Univ. is there.
References in periodicals archive ?
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Ministry of External Affairs spokesperson Raveesh Kumar tweeted, "PM Narendra Modi holds bilateral meeting with President of Egypt Abdel Fattah el-Sisi on sidelines of #BRICSSummit in Xiamen #China"
With the continuous expansion of international and transcontinental routes in recent years, Xiamen Airlines is well on its way to becoming a major player on the world's stage.
In "A Glimpse of China" the Xiamen University Arts group will present traditional Chinese dance, including martial dance, song and instrumental music.
Xiamen NetinNet specialises in practical accounting-related learning solutions for China's college market.
The agreement secures a reliable outline for comprehensive financial products and services and strong support from BOCOM Xiamen in order to boost our business development, further enhance our leading position in the financing service industry and lay a long-term development foundation for the Group.
at a snack bar in Huli District, Xiamen City, Fujian Province, said the Xiamen municipal government.
During my visit I was delighted to be able to meet the Mayor of Xiamen, Mr Lui Keqing, which was even broadcast on Chinese television
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