Xiangyang (shyäng`yäng`), formerly
Xiangfan (shyäng`fän`), city (1994 est. pop. 606,100), N Hubei prov., E central China, on the Han River; formed from the merger of the ancient cities of Xiangyang and Fancheng (on opposite banks of the Han) and surrounding areas. Xiangyang is a rail junction and an industrial and distribution center with such industries as food and tobacco processing, textiles, automobiles and auto parts, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, electronics, and aviation. Rural sections of the city grow grains, oil crops, cotton, tobacco, fruits and vegetables and raise hogs, sheep, and poultry. The city was known as Xiangfan (Hsiang-fan) until 2010, when it was renamed.