Xigazê

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Xigazê

or

Shigatse

(both: shēgä`tsĕ), town, S central Tibet Autonomous Region, China. It is in the center of a small, heavily populated alluvial plain near the Yarlung Zangbo (Brahmaputra) River. The second (after Lhasa) most important trade center in Tibet, it is on the ancient caravan route (now a modern highway) from Lhasa to Nepal, W Tibet, Kashmir, and Xinjiang (China). Xigazê was the traditional seat of the Panchen Lama (see Tibetan BuddhismTibetan Buddhism,
form of Buddhism prevailing in the Tibet region of China, Bhutan, the state of Sikkim in India, Mongolia, and parts of Siberia and SW China. It has sometimes been called Lamaism, from the name of the Tibetan monks, the lamas [superior ones].
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), who ruled about 4,000 monks in the lamasery of Tashi Lumpo (founded 1446), west of the town. Xigazê also has a large 17th-century fort. Other spellings of the name are Zhigatse, Zhikatse, and Jih-k'a-tse.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Xigaze, Tibet's second-largest city on the border, has excellent conditions to become a base for processing trade between China and South Asia, Shen said.
In 2014, an extension to Xigaze, 270 kilometers to the southwest of Lhasa was opened.
The reservoir is " designed to store up to 295 million cubic meters of water and help irrigate 30,000 hectares of farmland", Xinhua reported, adding that the farming area, which usually suffers from severe drought, is a major crop production base in Xigaze.
Rescue work there is particularly difficult because the road to the town is blocked," Mayor of Xigaze City Zhang Hongbo was quoted as saying.
The new route, though longer, takes pilgrims from Nathu La to Shigatse also known as Xigaze, the second biggest city in Tibet after provincial Capital Lhasa by road.
The tourists were about to make their way back down the mountain after a sightseeing trip to base camp, the publicity department of Xigaze prefecture said.
Two pastures in Xigaze Prefecture reported on July 31 that 20 head of cattle had shown symptoms of the disease.
After the Japanese invasion, the last Chief Khenpo Lama from the Xigaze region returned to Tibet, and the succeeding Chief Khenpo Lama was a Mongolian who moved to Puning Temple.
For example, Shanghai has been assigned to run comprehensive one-to-one cooperation with Xigaze, a prefecture of the Tibet Autonomous Region for years.
Silingco watershed wetland locates in Tibet Autonomous Region, bordering the northeastern Tibetan Plateau, the southern Xigaze, Lhasa and Linzhi, eastern Ali, western Ali, and the northern Xinjiang and Qinghai.
The following October, Xigaze Airport started operations.