Hsinchu(redirected from Xinzhu)
Hsin-chu(both: shĭn`jo͞o`), city (2010 pop. 476,273), NW Taiwan. The city and surrounding area are noted for the production of tea, rice, oranges, and petroleum. Hsinchu has become an important computer and electronics engineering and manufacturing center. Other major industries include petroleum refining and the manufacture of cement, fertilizers, textiles, and glass. Iron ore, coal, gold, and silver are mined. Immigrants from the China mainland formed a colony at Hsinchu in the early 1700s. Since the 19th cent. the city has been a thriving commercial center.
a city and port in China, in the northern part of the island of Taiwan; located on the lower course of the Fengshan Ch’i. Population, 188,000 (1968). Hsinchu has a seaport at Chiukang and a station on the railroad line along Taiwan’s western coast. Ammonia is produced and camphor is processed. Other industry includes the production of glass and sugar and the canning of fruit. Coal and natural gas are extracted in the surrounding region. There is a fishing industry.