Paracel Islands

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Related to Xisha: Hoang Sa, Hoàng Sa

Paracel Islands

(päräsĕl`), Chin. Xisha, group of low coral islands and reefs in the South China Sea, c.175 mi (280 km) SE of Hainan island. They are rich in guano and are underlain by oil deposits. Prior to World War II the islands were part of French Indochina and served as a weather station. During the war they were occupied by Japan but passed to China and French Indochina (later South Vietnam) in the postwar years. The South Vietnamese maintained a weather station and small garrison there until 1974, when they were attacked and driven from the islands by Chinese armed forces; China administers the islands as part of Hainan prov. Chinese ownership of the archipelago is contested by Vietnam and Taiwan.
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Since the victory of the Chinese People's War of Resistance against Japanese Aggression, China has recovered Xisha and Nansha Islands and stationed troops and set up various military and civil facilities on the islands.
Observation platforms including buoy, deep-ocean mooring, and meteorological measurements have been set up off the Xisha Islands, Nansha Islands, and along the Luzon Strait.
Sansha City, on Yongxing, one of the Xisha islands, was officially established in 2012 to administer the Xisha, Zhongsha and Nansha island groups and their surrounding waters in the South China Sea.
com/2014/06/19/analysts-say-china-may-try-to-use-manmade-islandsto-bolster-bid-for- economic-development/; Nguyen Thi Lan Anh, Xisha (Paracel) Islands: A Rejoinder (2014), available at http://www.
With the completion and continued improvements to the runway on Yongxing, military aircraft can be based in the Paracels, and greatly improve Chinese defence capabilities in the Xisha and Nansha islands," Xinhua said, using the Chinese names for the Paracels and Spratlys, a separate island chain.
as the Xisha islands, to the Spratly Islands as the Nansha islands, to
In a statement, COSL said exploration would still take place off the Xisha islands, China's name for the disputed Paracel chain, suggesting the rig was not moving far.
For a broader look at groups beyond lay Buddhism, see Siewert, Hubert, with Ma Xisha, Popular Religious Movements and Heterodox Sects in Chinese History (Leiden: Brill, 2003).
According to hosts of diplomatic documents, even Vietnam has, repeatedly and explicitly, acknowledged the Xisha and Nansha Islands as Chinese territory.
Xinhua said: "Crew aboard the boat were saved after their ship jostled a fishing boat from Dongfang City in southern China's Hainan province and overturned in the waters near China's Xisha Islands.
The islands, known in China as Xisha but the Paracels elsewhere, are claimed by China, Vietnam and Taiwan.
The Chinese navy said a Chinese patrolling vessel "fired into the sky two warning signal shells, which burned out and extinguished in the air" after having repeatedly trying to warn the Vietnamese boats to leave the territorial waters off China's Xisha Islands, Xinhua News Agency said.