Hsüan-tsang

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Hsüan-tsang

(shüän-dzäng), 605?–664, Chinese Buddhist scholar and translator. He early entered monastic life and later traveled in China, teaching and studying. Between 629 and 645 he made a pilgrimage to India in search of authentic scriptures. He studied at TaxilaTaxila
, archaeological site of three successive cities, near Rawalpindi, Pakistan. There between the 7th cent. B.C. and the 7th cent. A.D. was a flourishing city, famous as an ancient seat of learning. It was occupied (326 B.C.
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 and NalandaNalanda
, Buddhist monastic center in what is now Baragaon, Bihar state, E central India. Often referred to as a university, Nalanda was, from the 4th to the 12 cent. A.D., the most renowned center of Buddhist learning in India.
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, the most celebrated center of Buddhist learning in India, and also visited Kashmir and the major Buddhist holy places. Pious, learned, and fluent in Sanskrit, he was honored by the Indian rulers whom he met, including the Emperor Harsha. After returning to China he translated the texts he had brought back with him and wrote his memoirs. His disciple K'uei-chi is known as the founder of the Fa-hsiang school of Buddhism, the Chinese branch of YogacaraYogacara
[Skt.,=yoga practice], philosophical school of Mahayana Buddhism, also known as the Vijnanavada or Consciousness School. The founders of this school in India were Maitreya (270–350), his disciple Asanga (c.
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.

Bibliography

See his Si-yu-ki; Buddhist Records of the Western World (2 vol., tr. 1884, repr. 1969); A. Waley, The Real Tripitaka (1952); T. Loatters, On Yuan Chwang's Travels in India (1961); K. Ch'en, Buddhism in China (1964); R. Bernstein, Ultimate Journey (2001).

References in periodicals archive ?
Zhou Baolin said that Xuan Zang was an important movie produced last year, which was made with great efforts and preparations.
Katherine Morley shows confidence in the production's token "straight man" role of Xuan Zang.
Indeed, except for the famous sixteenth-century allegorical account of Wu Cheng-en of the travels of the Buddhist monk Xuan Zang, in Central Asia (published in English by Arthur Waley under the title of The Monkey), even Western observers who are familiar with Chinese history, poetry, and philosophical essays would be hard pressed to come up with examples of travel writing in China.
Zhou Jiandong said, Indian films from the period of 1970-80 were quite famous in China and today, we have movies like Xuan Zang, where the actors of China and India have worked together to create a masterpiece.
Fa Xian and Xuan Zang, in the fourth and seventh centuries respectively, crossed inaccessible altitudes of these mountain ranges.
The monk Xuan Zang (or Huen- Tsang) visited the town during his travels in India in the 7th century.
Xuan Zang has been student as well as the teacher in the Ancient Nalanda University.
He said the travelogues of Fa Xian, Song Yun, and Xuan Zang who traversed between the lands of China and Pakistan in ancient times had created renewed awareness of Gandhara civilization and of the links between China and Pakistan.
He said the days of the famous Chinese monks, Fa Xian, Xuan Zang, and the ancient Silk road reminded of the shared history as the two countries embark on the grand project to revive the Silk Road, said the statement.