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one of the three early states—Silla, Koguryo, and Paekche—that arose as the primitive communal order on the Korean Peninsula disintegrated; Silla was located in the southeastern part of the peninsula.

Although chronicles traditionally date the rise of Silla to 57 B.C., the tribes in the southeastern part of the Korean Peninsula, led by the Saro (or Silla) tribe, were brought together only in the course of the first few centuries of the common era. A state was not really formed until the sixth century, when, over a considerable area, the geographical division of the population was consolidated, organs of state administration were created, and Buddhism became the state religion. Thenceforth, the three states fought an increasingly bitter struggle for domination of the peninsula, while the Chinese dynasties actively intervened in the struggle. Silla, in alliance with the Chinese T’ang dynasty, defeated Paekche in 660 and Koguryo in 668; however, the T’ang dynasty’s subsequent attempts to entrench itself in the Korean Peninsula provoked a national liberation struggle, during which Silla united all Korea south of the Taedong-gang (river).

The rise of a united state of Silla in the late seventh century was an important stage in the formation of the Korean nationality and in the development of feudal relations. Irrigated crop cultivation and crafts made significant strides in Silla. In the ninth century, as large-scale landowning grew and separatism among feudal lords increased, the state of Silla broke up into numerous appanages.


References in periodicals archive ?
19] Liguang Shia, Wenjuan Xuna, Wenbin Yuea, Chunxiang Zhanga, Youshe Rena Lei Shia, Qian Wanga, Rujie b.
Adumadja (2) had been invited by the new chairman of the National Community of Vodun Cults in Benin (CNCVB), Sossa Guedehoungue, who had been involved in a ruthless battle with Daagbo Hunon Xuna, the person in charge of local cults at Ouidah, and had been awarded the running and religious management of the festival.
Regarding the dispute between Daagbo Hunon Xuna and Sossa Guedehoungue, during the 92 Ouidah festival, Gbediga acted as a conciliator between the two men, but he was nonetheless much closer to Daagbo Hunon right up to his death.
His first wife is a first cousin on his father's side whereas the second one is related on her mother's side to Daagbo Hunon Xuna from Ouidah.
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