The BC pellicles were produced by Acetobacter xylinum
NUST4.2 as described elsewhere .
Saiki, "Cellulose synthesized by acetobacter xylinum
in the presence of acetyl glucomannan," Cellulose, vol.
Levan is another microbial EPS, obtained from Acetobacter xylinum
NCIM 2526, that has been used for the synthesis of Ag-NPs and Au-NPs with catalytic activity, tested by reduction of 4-nitrophenol and methylene blue .
Studart's group members and first authors Patrick R'hs and Manuel Schaffner used the bacteria Pseudomonas putida and Acetobacter xylinum
in their work.
Production of cellulose by bacteria like Gluconacetobacter xylinum
(9,10), Sarcina, Agrobacterium, Rhizobium, Acetobacter (11) Sucrofermentans BPR2001 (12), Enterobacter sp.RVII, Pseudumonas sp., RVI4, Gloconacetobacter sp., (13) have been documented.
In the other approach, cellulose can be prepared from the bacterial species Acetobacter xylinum
, which is one of the most effective species for bacterial cellulose preparation and has high percent yield and uniform size and shape.
Bio-fibers of the substrate are produced with bacteria (mainly acetobacter xylinum
) and plant-derived materials like coconut milk and grain mash via bio-fermentation technology.
coli (with maximum of oxygen depleted after 1 min), lactate as best hydrogen donor for Gluconobacter oxydans (with maximum dissolved oxygen depleted in 2 minutes) and lactate and a-glycerophosphate as best hydrogen donors for Acetobacter xylinum
(maximum oxygen dissolved oxygen depleted after 5 minutes).
BC samples were cultivated using Acetobacter xylinum
NUST4.2 through a static fermentation process  at 30[degrees] C.
Catchmark, "Formation and characterization of spherelike bacterial cellulose particles produced by acetobacter xylinum
JCM 9730 strain," Biomacromolecules, vol.
Similarly, in Komagataeibacter xylinus (formerly Acetobacter xylinum
) A-L interface biofilms, growth is limited to a top layer of 50-100 [micro]m by [O.sub.2] diffusion from above and nutrient diffusion from below .
For example, bacterial cellulose (BC) produced by Acetobacter xylinum
is used in food processing because of its chemically pure form of cellulose, high water holding capacity and tensile strength, high fiber content, and low cost.