Xylitol


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xylitol

[′zī·lə‚tȯl]
(organic chemistry)
CH2OH(CHOH)3CH2OH Pentahydric alcohols derived from xylose. Also known as xylite.

Xylitol

 

CH2OH(CHOH)3CH2OH a polyhydric alcohol (pentitol), an optically inactive isomer; colorless hygroscopic crystals with a sweet taste. Xylitol is soluble in water, alcohol, glycols, acetic acid, and pyridine. It has the same calorific value as sugar (4 kcal/g) but is twice as sweet; however, it has no biological value. It has no adverse effect on organisms and is therefore used in the food industry, for example, as a sugar substitute in the manufacture of sweet edibles for individuals suffering from diabetes and obesity.

Xylitol exhibits a cholagogic and aperient effect; the prescribed daily dosage should not exceed 50 g. It can also be used in the preparation of esters, surface-active agents, and synthetic resins. In industry xylitol is prepared by the reduction of xylose; vegetable byproducts such as corn cobs and cotton husks serve as raw material for this process.

References in periodicals archive ?
Other products that may contain xylitol include: sugar-free chewing gum; breath mints; baked goods; some peanut and nut butters, sugar-free desserts; cough syrup; children's and adult chewable vitamins; mouthwash; toothpaste; over-the-counter medicines, and dietary supplements.
FDA also urged dog owners to look out for signs of xylitol poisoning in their pets and seek immediate medical service.
In the case of xylitol, research reveals it can actually help to prevent it.
The caries preventive effect of 1-year use of low-dose xylitol chewing gum.
The present study applies an external preference mapping methodology to evaluate the effect of the addition of natural sweeteners (stevia and xylitol at different proportions) in the acceptance of liquid yogurts using the CATA technique for evaluating the sensory descriptors of formulations.
Twice a day 25% xylitol toothpaste exposure for 24 months led to a mean dmfs of 2.7 units for tested participants compared to 6.7 units for control group by 60% (p=0.001).
Meanwhile, break the blueberries and 15g Total Sweet Xylitol with a fork so you have a rough puree.
When xylitol is ingested, it is barely absorbed by the small intestine by passive diffusion, while most of it is transferred to the large intestine.
Xylitol is a naturally occuring sweetner that is almost identical to sugar, except it is missing one carbon molecule.
Unfortunately, many of these sprays now have xylitol in them.
Key words: toxicosis, Knemidocoptes species, xylitol, nectar feeder, avian, Cape sugarbird, Promerops cafer
The company has also developed an oral care product line, Spry, that uses xylitol and other natural ingredients and is a category leader in natural channels.