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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(full name, Yaqut ibn Abdullah al-Rumi; also Yaqut ibn Abdullah al-Hamawi). Born 1179; died Aug. 20, 1229, in Aleppo. Arab philologist, geographer, and writer.

Yaqut was born in Asia Minor of Greek parents. He traveled the coast and the islands of the Persian Gulf and the southern Arabian Peninsula, Syria, Palestine, Egypt, Khwarazm, and Iraq. He was a Kharijite. Yaqut was the author of the biographical dictionary Mujam al Udaba, which contained approximately 1,100 biographies of Arab literary figures and scholars of the seventh to the early 13th centuries, and the geographic dictionary Mujam al-Buldan, which summarized Arabic geographic literature of the pre-Mongol period.


Jaqut’s Dictionary of Learned Men, vols. 1–20. Cairo [1938].
Mu’djam al-Buldan, vols. 1–5. Beirut, 1955–57.


Krachkovskii, I. Iu. lzbr. soch., vol. 4. Moscow-Leningrad, 1957. Pages 330–42.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.