The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



Chinese folk songs recorded by the Yüeh Fu (Music Bureau). Several hundred texts of yüeh-fu have been preserved. They are traditionally divided into three types, which differ markedly from one another: those of the Han period (second century B.C. to third century A.D.) and the northern and southern yiieh-fu of the Six Dynasties period (fourth to sixth centuries). The yiieh-fu deal with love (particularly the southern yiieh-fu), the fleeting nature of existence (the Han yiieh-fu), war, feats of arms, and national calamities. Social protest is expressed mainly in short aphoristic songs similar to the Russian chastushki. Among the many Chinese poets who imitated the yiieh-fu are Ts’ao Ts’ao, Ts’ao P’ei, Ts’ao Chih, Lu Chi, Pao Chao, Li Po, Tu Fu, Po Chü-i, Li Ho, and Wen T’ing-yün.


Ko Mao-ch’ien. Yüeh-fu shih chi, vols. 1–12. Peking, 1955.
In Russian translation:
Iuefu: Iz drevnikh kitaiskikh pesen. Moscow-Leningrad, 1959.


Lisevich, I. S. Drevniaia kitaiskaia poeziia i narodnaia pesnia (iuefu kontsa 3 v. do n. e.-nach. 3 v. n. e.). Moscow, 1969.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.