Yakubu Gowon

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Gowon, Yakubu

(yäko͞o`bo͞o gô`wŏn), 1934–, Nigerian head of state. After entering the Nigerian army in 1954, he advanced (1966) to battalion commander. After Nigeria's second bloody coup in 1966, he was appointed commander in chief of the armed forces and head of the military government. The army put down (1967–70) the secessionist Biafran government of General OjukwuOjukwu, Chukwuemeka Odumegwu
, 1933–2011, Nigerian general and secessionist. Of Igbo background, he joined (1957) the Nigerian army and rose to become (1966–67) military governor of E Nigeria.
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 independent of Gowon, but he led Nigerian reconciliation through his personal influence, becoming a major African leader by 1975. While out of the country in 1975, he was overthrown and began a life of exile in England.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Gowon, Yakubu


Born Oct. 19, 1934, in the city of Zaria. Government and military figure in Nigeria; general (1971).

Gowon graduated from secondary school in Zaria (Northern Nigeria) in 1953. Between 1954 and 1957 he underwent training at the military school in Teshi (Ghana) and various military educational institutions in Great Britain. In 1963 he became an aide to the chief of staff of the Nigerian Army; he attained the rank of lieutenant colonel. In January 1966 he was appointed chief of staff of the army. On Aug 1, 1966, Gowon became head of the federal military government and commander in chief of the armed forces of the Federated Republic of Nigeria.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Femi Fani-Kayode has said the various prayer sessions being conducted by former Military Head of State, General Yakubu Gowon will remain a waste if he does not apologise to the Igbos over the genocide against the group during the Civil War.
The party boss pointed out that the likes of the sage, Chief Obafemi Awolowo; late Dr Nnamdi Azikwe, General Yakubu Gowon, among others made great contributions to the country as young people not in the absence of challenges, urging the present generation to draw inspiration from them.
He addresses events and aspects of the war, including how it impacted the creation of Medecins Sans Frontieres, aerial operations, the role of General Yakubu Gowon, how the US assessed the war, the impact of the media, the role of mercenaries, the role of Colonel Jan Breytenbach, and future conflicts involving Christians and Muslims, including the role of Boko Haram.
Yakubu Gowon assumed office in Lagos as Nigeria's second military Head of State.
Other absentees were former Presidents Olusegun Obasanjo, Goodluck Jonathan, former Head of States, Ibrahim Babagida, and Yakubu Gowon, among others.
Gould does a good job in evaluating these sources and debates and he makes excellent use of interviews with key military personalities, including Yakubu Gowon and Odumegwu Ojukwu, held in 2007 and 2008.
Former dictator General Yakubu Gowon, who jailed Soyinka for some two years during Nigeria's 1967-70 civil war, paid respect by attending a lecture in Soyinka's hometown of Abeokuta on Friday.
When General Yakubu Gowon was Head of State he had reason to sever relationship with Israel on purely humanitarian grounds.
The book explains the trend that accounted for the personality clash between General Yakubu Gowon, the military head of state of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, and the military governor of the eastern region and the head of (defunct) Biafran state, Lt-Col.
Ironsi (15 January-29 July 1966); Yakubu Gowon (29 July 1966-29 July 1976); Murtala-Obasanjo (July 1975-1 October 1979); Buhari-Idiagbon (31 December 1983-27 August 1985); Ibrahim Babangida (27 August 1985 -27 August 1993); Sanni Abacha (17 November 1993-8 June 1998) and Abdusalam Abubakar (8 June 1998-29 May 1999).
Former military head of state Yakubu Gowon said he has "absolute confidence" in the army to defeat the militants, but it may not happen within the declared time frame.