Yakubu Gowon

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Gowon, Yakubu

(yäko͞o`bo͞o gô`wŏn), 1934–, Nigerian head of state. After entering the Nigerian army in 1954, he advanced (1966) to battalion commander. After Nigeria's second bloody coup in 1966, he was appointed commander in chief of the armed forces and head of the military government. The army put down (1967–70) the secessionist Biafran government of General OjukwuOjukwu, Chukwuemeka Odumegwu
, 1933–2011, Nigerian general and secessionist. Of Igbo background, he joined (1957) the Nigerian army and rose to become (1966–67) military governor of E Nigeria.
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 independent of Gowon, but he led Nigerian reconciliation through his personal influence, becoming a major African leader by 1975. While out of the country in 1975, he was overthrown and began a life of exile in England.

Gowon, Yakubu


Born Oct. 19, 1934, in the city of Zaria. Government and military figure in Nigeria; general (1971).

Gowon graduated from secondary school in Zaria (Northern Nigeria) in 1953. Between 1954 and 1957 he underwent training at the military school in Teshi (Ghana) and various military educational institutions in Great Britain. In 1963 he became an aide to the chief of staff of the Nigerian Army; he attained the rank of lieutenant colonel. In January 1966 he was appointed chief of staff of the army. On Aug 1, 1966, Gowon became head of the federal military government and commander in chief of the armed forces of the Federated Republic of Nigeria.

References in periodicals archive ?
Although Colonel Yakubu Gowon (as he was then known), who took over from Aguiyi-Ironsi after the July 29 coup of 1966 abrogated Decree 34 and promulgated Decree 59 of 1966, which came into effect on September 1, and returned Nigeria to its federal status, the truth is that nothing really changed.
Yakubu Gowon assumed office in Lagos as Nigeria's second military Head of State.
Yakubu Gowon on Thursday said Governor Seriake Dicksons revolutionary approach to educational development would turn around the fortunes of Bayelsa State in the near future.
Former military head of state Yakubu Gowon said he has "absolute confidence" in the army to defeat the militants, but it may not happen within the declared time frame.
When General Yakubu Gowon was Head of State he had reason to sever relationship with Israel on purely humanitarian grounds.
The book explains the trend that accounted for the personality clash between General Yakubu Gowon, the military head of state of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, and the military governor of the eastern region and the head of (defunct) Biafran state, Lt-Col.
Former dictator General Yakubu Gowon, who jailed Soyinka for some two years during Nigeria's 1967-70 civil war, paid respect by attending a lecture in Soyinka's hometown of Abeokuta on Friday.
Gould does a good job in evaluating these sources and debates and he makes excellent use of interviews with key military personalities, including Yakubu Gowon and Odumegwu Ojukwu, held in 2007 and 2008.
In chapter 5, the author provides a very rare insight into the conspiratorial jockeying in the Nigerian army that pushed General Yakubu Gowon out of power in 1975 and projected Obasanjo into the limelight: "he was ready to serve as second-in-command so far as he had substantial power" (43).
En 1967 el PEN, que tenia como presidente al dramaturgo estadunidense Arthur Miller, envio una carta al jefe de Estado de Nigeria, el general Yakubu Gowon, solicitando el indulto para el poeta.
Voting is peaceful, orderly and there is a sense of excitement," Yakubu Gowon, the former Nigerian leader heading the observation mission of the US-based rights group Carter Center, told reporters.
later General) Yakubu Gowon summoned an ad hoc constitutional conference in August of the same year to discuss the future political development of the country.