Yalta Conference

Also found in: Dictionary, Legal, Wikipedia.
Related to Yalta Conference: Potsdam Conference

Yalta Conference,

meeting (Feb. 4–11, 1945), at Yalta, Crimea, USSR, of British Prime Minister Winston ChurchillChurchill, Sir Winston Leonard Spencer,
1874–1965, British statesman, soldier, and author; son of Lord Randolph Churchill. Early Career

Educated at Harrow and Sandhurst, he became (1894) an officer in the 4th hussars.
..... Click the link for more information.
, U.S. President Franklin Delano RooseveltRoosevelt, Franklin Delano
, 1882–1945, 32d President of the United States (1933–45), b. Hyde Park, N.Y. Early Life

Through both his father, James Roosevelt, and his mother, Sara Delano Roosevelt, he came of old, wealthy families.
..... Click the link for more information.
, and Soviet Premier Joseph StalinStalin, Joseph Vissarionovich
, 1879–1953, Soviet Communist leader and head of the USSR from the death of V. I. Lenin (1924) until his own death, b. Gori, Georgia.
..... Click the link for more information.
. Most of the important decisions made remained secret until the end of World War II for military or political reasons; the complete text of all the agreements was not disclosed until 1947. The Yalta conferees confirmed the policy adopted at the Casablanca ConferenceCasablanca Conference,
Jan. 14–24, 1943, World War II meeting of U.S. President Franklin Delano Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill at Casablanca, French Morocco.
..... Click the link for more information.
 of demanding Germany's unconditional surrender. Plans were made for dividing Germany into four zones of occupation (American, British, French, and Soviet) under a unified control commission in Berlin, for war crimes trials, and for a study of the reparations question. Agreement was also reached on reorganizing the Polish Lublin government (supported by Stalin) "on a broader democratic basis" that would include members of Poland's London government-in-exile, which the Western Allies had supported. The conferees decided to ask China and France to join them in sponsoring the founding conference of the United NationsUnited Nations
(UN), international organization established immediately after World War II. It replaced the League of Nations. In 1945, when the UN was founded, there were 51 members; 193 nations are now members of the organization (see table entitled United Nations Members).
..... Click the link for more information.
 to be convened in San Francisco on Apr. 25, 1945; agreement was reached on using the veto system of voting in the projected Security Council. Future meetings of the foreign ministers of the "Big Three" were planned. The USSR secretly agreed to enter the war against Japan within three months of Germany's surrender and was promised S Sakhalin, the Kuril Islands, and an occupation zone in Korea. The secret agreement respecting the disposal of Japan's holdings also provided that the port of Dalian (Dairen) should be internationalized, that Port Arthur should be restored to its status before the 1904–5 Russo-Japanese WarRusso-Japanese War,
1904–5, imperialistic conflict that grew out of the rival designs of Russia and Japan on Manchuria and Korea. Russian failure to withdraw from Manchuria and Russian penetration into N Korea were countered by Japanese attempts to negotiate a division of
..... Click the link for more information.
 as a Russian naval base, and that the Manchurian railroads should be under joint Chinese-Soviet administration. China later protested that it was not informed of these decisions concerning its territory and that its sovereignty was infringed. The United States and Great Britain also agreed to recognize the autonomy of Outer Mongolia, and to admit Ukraine and Belorussia (Belarus) to the United Nations as full members. The Yalta agreements were disputed even before the Potsdam ConferencePotsdam Conference,
meeting (July 17–Aug. 2, 1945) of the principal Allies in World War II (the United States, the USSR, and Great Britain) to clarify and implement agreements previously reached at the Yalta Conference.
..... Click the link for more information.
 later in 1945. The subsequent outbreak of the cold war and Soviet successes in Eastern Europe led to much criticism in the United States of the Yalta Conference and of Roosevelt, who was accused of delivering Eastern Europe to Communist domination.


See studies by R. Buhite (1986), F. J. Harbutt (2010), and S. M. Plokhy (2010).

Yalta Conference

Allies developed plan for reconstruction of Europe (February, 1945). [World Hist.: Van Doren, 504]
References in periodicals archive ?
In chapter 15, "Fighting under British Command, 1943-1945," the author returns to military history but chapter 16, "The End of War," is again about diplomacy, the Yalta Conference, and the Allied compromise on a new government in Poland.
The "six months" in question consist of the period beginning with the Yalta Conference in February 1945 and concluding with the Soviet entry into the war against Japan during the following August.
Being the winners from WWII, the USSR and the USA designed a bi-polar world at the Yalta conference to reap the benefits of victory in February 4-11 1945.
Putin's gambit is akin to the infamous Yalta Conference in 1945, where the Russian leader Joseph Stalin made British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and U.
But it has emerged that the prime minister was outvoted by his Allied partners at the Yalta conference in February 1945 - as the end of hostilities drew near with a victory against Germany in sight.
Perhaps sensing that something more must be said about Hiss's contribution to America's foreign policy, Shelton focuses a chapter on Hiss's role at the 1945 Yalta Conference.
Following the Yalta conference, the Dresden raid was intended to break the German will and to interdict Hitler's supply lines to the Eastern Front thus encouraging the Russians.
Sailing home from the Yalta Conference in the closing months of World War II, President Franklin D.
And while carving up post-war Europe at the Yalta Conference in 1945, he was pictured tucking into a vast pot of caviar with gusto.
The sad thing is that all throughout the war, the Polish forces were promised a free, liberated Poland we could return to after the fighting; but we were sold out to Stalin by Churchill and Roosevelt at the Yalta Conference in 1945.
For example, volume 1 starts off entries titled Yalta Conference, Soviet Exiles and Prisoners of War are Forced into Repatriation, United Nations Charter Convention, Potsdam Conference, Atomic Bombs Destroy Hiroshima and Nagasaki, First U.
Their notorious painting Yalta Conference, in which Hitler hovers behind Stalin and a hybrid of Churchill, Roosevelt, and Steven Spielberg's E.