Yalu


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

Yalu

(yä`lo͞o`), Korean Amnok, river, c.500 mi (800 km) long, rising in the Changbai Mts. in Jilin prov., NE China, and flowing SW to the Bay of Korea at Dandong; forms part of the China–North Korea border. In places it is navigable for shallow-draft vessels, but its chief commercial use is for floating timber to sawmills. Several railroad bridges span the river. The Supung Dam above Sinuiju, North Korea, one of the largest dams in Asia, supplies hydroelectric power to China and North Korea. Chinese troops entered the Korean War by crossing the Yalu.

Yalu

 

(Chinese, Yalü Chiang; Korean, Amnok-kang), a river that forms part of the border between China and the People’s Democratic Republic of Korea.

The Yalu is 813 km long and drains an area of 63,000 sq km. The river rises on the slopes of the volcano Pai-T’ou Shan; it then cuts through the southern part of the plateau known as the Ch’ang-pai Shan and the western spurs of the Manchurian-Korean Mountains in a deep gorge before forming an estuary and emptying into West Korea Bay of the Yellow Sea.

The Yalu is fed by rain, and freshets occur in the summer. The river freezes over in the winter. The mean flow rate in the lower course is approximately 900 cu m per sec. There are reservoirs and hydroelectric power plants at Ungbong and Supung in Korea. Along the river are the cities of Hyesan and Sinuiju in Korea and Linchiang and Antung in China; the river becomes navigable at Hyesan, and oceangoing vessels can travel as far upstream as Antung.

The first land battle in the Russo-Japanese War of 1904–05 was fought along the Yalu on Apr. 18 (May 1), 1904. The Russian forces—the Eastern Detachment of the Manchurian Army—were commanded by Lieutenant General M. I. Zasulich; they had 16,500 bayonets, 2,500 sabers, 62 artillery pieces, and eight machine guns. The main body of the detachment was defending the right bank of the lower course of the Yalu, from Sahodzu to Tiurenchaeng. The First Japanese Army, under the command of General T. Kuroki, had 34,000 bayonets and sabers and 128 artillery pieces. On April 18 the army crossed the river upstream from the Russian troops and launched an attack to turn the Russians’ left flank, which was defended by separate subunits of various regiments, with about 5,000 bayonets. The Eastern Detachment was defeated as a result of the enemy’s numerical superiority, the inadequacy of the preparation of the Russian positions, the dispersion of the Russian troops, and Zasulich’s poor leadership. The Russians lost approximately 2,200 men, 21 artillery pieces, and all of their machine guns before retreating to the Ch’ien Shan. The Japanese lost more than 1,000 men.

The success of the First Japanese Army on the Yalu made it possible for the Second Japanese Army to land on the Liaotung Peninsula and launch an offensive deep into Manchuria.

Yalu

a river in E Asia, rising in N North Korea and flowing southwest to Korea Bay, forming a large part of the border between North Korea and NE China. Length: 806 km (501 miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
In April 1950 North Korea proposed to the northeast people's government of the PRC negotiation of navigation along the Yalu, and it delivered a DPRK-drawn map.
One does not have to be an adherent of the kind of conspiracy theories propounded by Joe McCarthy to question what was gained by the drive to the Yalu River or by Acheson's continued support of the French in Indochina.
In the Coastal Area Management Project, scientific surveys will be carried out at the estuary on the Yalu River(2) in Dandong City, Liaoning Province, over three years roughly from January 2010 to March 2013.
She was the first woman to head an AP foreign bureau in Peru, the first AP reporter to cross the Yalu River after the Korean War and the first journalist to file the bulletin announcing the start of the first Gulf War.
MacArthur had landed at Inchon the month before, routed and effectively knocked North Korea's army out of action, and was, with permission from Washington, rushing toward the Yalu with the goal of unifying all of Korea.
troops pushed all the way to the Yalu River, which forms the border between Korea and China.
He forced the invading North Koreans to retreat in disorder and pursued them over the border to the Yalu River.
It's a highly conjectural theory, but if Lankov is right, we could soon be reliving our grandparents' 50-year-old memories of Chinese troops surging across the Yalu River.
Or the valor of Airmen in the 4th and 51st Fighter Wings flying those single-engine F-86 Sabres out over the frozen Yalu River to ensure that the entire peninsula was safe from aerial attack.
This meant carrying bodies up adjacent mountainsides or across the frozen Yalu River to a small island where graves were dug in the stony, frozen ground.
The division fought valiantly in campaigns that took them from the southernmost city of Pusan up north to the Yalu River.
Red Wings over the Yalu: China, the Soviet Union, and the Air War in Korea.