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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a peninsula in Asia, in the northern part of Western Siberia; located within the Yamal-Nenets Autonomous Okrug (formerly Yamal-Nenets National Okrug), Tiumen’ Oblast, RSFSR, and washed by Baidarata and Ob’ bays of the Kara Sea.

The Yamal Peninsula has a length of 700 km, a maximum width of 240 km, and an area of approximately 122,000 sq km. The coast is primarily low-lying. The peninsula has a level surface, with elevations ranging from 50 to 84 m. It is composed mainly of sandy-clayey marine deposits, with glacial deposits in the south. Permafrost is found throughout the peninsula. The average temperature in January ranges from –22°C in the west to –26°C in the east, and the average temperature in July ranges from 4°C in the north to 10°C in the south. Precipitation totals 240–250 mm a year.

Along the drainage divide of the Yamal Peninsula are many lakes, the largest of which are Iarroto, Iambuto, and Neito. The principal rivers are the Seiakha, Iuribei, and Kharasavei. Arctic tundra is found in the north. The central region is characterized by moss-lichen and shrub tundra, with grass and hypnum-grass bogs. Larch forest-tundra is found in the extreme south. The principal occupations are reindeer herding, hunting, and fishing.

Novyi Port is situated on Ob’ Bay. Natural-gas deposits include the Arkticheskoe and Sredneiamal’skoe deposits; petroleum is also found.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
These achievements were made possible due to the accumulated ice navigation experience and the outstanding ice performance characteristics of LNG tanker fleet designed specifically for our Yamal LNG project.
Northern Norway's small port of Honningsvag will host between 150 and 160 ship-to-ship transfers of liquefied natural gas (LNG) cargos from Russia's Yamal by mid-2019, the local council that owns the port quoted as saying on Tuesday.
Summary: TEHRAN (FNA)- Several cargo ships carrying liquefied natural gas (LNG) from Russia's Yamal LNG plant have arrived in the US, Russia's Foreign Ministry Spokesperson Maria Zakharova announced, highlighting the obvious weirdness of the situation.
Russia is trying to catch up with the leading LNG suppliers and the success of [the Russian company] Yamal LNG is very promising," Mikhail Krutikhin, a partner in the independent RusEnergy consulting agency, told The Baltic Times.
Gilat will deliver its multiservice platform and user terminals to operate over the new Yamal 601 Ka satellite.
Moscow: The Yamal LNG project in Russia will improve the country's position in the global LNG market, and enhance the business profile of Novatek, the project's main sponsor, Fitch Ratings says.
Pipes are built over bulging and unstable Arctic pingos prone to violent eruptions caused by 'thawing methane gas', as seen twice on the Yamal peninsula this year.
Japan's special ambassador for Arctic Affairs said that three main areas of cooperation between Russia and Japan in the Arctic include research, the Northern Sea Route and the Yamal liquefied natural gas (LNG) project.
The Yamal LNG project will involve the construction of three liquefaction trains on the Yamal peninsula, which is located on the outer rim of Arctic Siberia.
15 January 2014 - Russian companies Gazprom Neft JSC (MCX:SIBN) and Novatek OAO (MCX:NVTK) said today they had closed two deals that gave their 50/50 joint venture, Yamal Development, full ownership of local gas producer SeverEnergia OOO.
Paying an undisclosed sum, CNPC now joins France's Total as a partner of the $20 billion Yamal LNG project.