Yamal


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Yamal

 

a peninsula in Asia, in the northern part of Western Siberia; located within the Yamal-Nenets Autonomous Okrug (formerly Yamal-Nenets National Okrug), Tiumen’ Oblast, RSFSR, and washed by Baidarata and Ob’ bays of the Kara Sea.

The Yamal Peninsula has a length of 700 km, a maximum width of 240 km, and an area of approximately 122,000 sq km. The coast is primarily low-lying. The peninsula has a level surface, with elevations ranging from 50 to 84 m. It is composed mainly of sandy-clayey marine deposits, with glacial deposits in the south. Permafrost is found throughout the peninsula. The average temperature in January ranges from –22°C in the west to –26°C in the east, and the average temperature in July ranges from 4°C in the north to 10°C in the south. Precipitation totals 240–250 mm a year.

Along the drainage divide of the Yamal Peninsula are many lakes, the largest of which are Iarroto, Iambuto, and Neito. The principal rivers are the Seiakha, Iuribei, and Kharasavei. Arctic tundra is found in the north. The central region is characterized by moss-lichen and shrub tundra, with grass and hypnum-grass bogs. Larch forest-tundra is found in the extreme south. The principal occupations are reindeer herding, hunting, and fishing.

Novyi Port is situated on Ob’ Bay. Natural-gas deposits include the Arkticheskoe and Sredneiamal’skoe deposits; petroleum is also found.

E. V. IASTREBOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Since March 1, only representatives of the profile district department answered the questions of Yamal citizens on the topic of social support.
Moscow/London7: The Yamal LNG project in Russia, which started operations two weeks ago and should ramp up in the next two years, will improve the country's position in the global LNG market, and enhance the business profile of Novatek, the project's main sponsor, Fitch Ratings says.
Russia on Tuesday launched the first terminal for liquefied natural gas project, Yamal LNG, in the Russian Arctic, Russian gas producer Novatek said.
Pipes are built over bulging and unstable Arctic pingos prone to violent eruptions caused by 'thawing methane gas', as seen twice on the Yamal peninsula this year.
Mammoet has coordinated the offload and arrival of a 4,900-tonne, 103m-long module at a liquefied natural gas (LNG) project in Yamal, Russia.
Japan's special ambassador for Arctic Affairs said that three main areas of cooperation between Russia and Japan in the Arctic include research, the Northern Sea Route and the Yamal liquefied natural gas (LNG) project.
might potentially finance part of the Yamal LNG project, according to Vedomosti.
TEHRAN (FNA)- The Yamal liquefied natural gas (LNG) project will be signed next month while provisional terms have been agreed to, Sputniknews quoted Russian Deputy Prime Minister Arkady Dvorkovich saying.
I feel inadequately prepared for life in a landscape like this and in temperatures like these," she says when she arrives on the Yamal Peninsula, in the far north of Siberia, in the middle of winter.
PJOE"), an associate company of the Group, has recently received the confirmation letter for the construction workload of the two option trains of modules of YAMAL LNG Project.
of Manila (AG&P) has bagged a deal to manufacture modular components for the Yamal liquefied natural gas (LNG) project in Russia's Yamal Peninsulaone of the biggest LNG fields in the world.
Under a second deal signed by Total CEO Christophe de Margerie and Novatek CEO Leonid Mikhelson, the French major acquired 20% in the latter's Yamal LNG venture.