Also found in: Wikipedia.


Yamanashi (yämäˈnäshē), prefecture (1990 pop. 852,980), 1,724 sq mi (4,465 sq km), central Honshu, Japan. Kofu is the capital. The mountainous region is drained by the Fuji River. Yamanashi is a major producer of raw silk and fruit (grapes, peaches, apples, and cherries). Fuji-Hakone-Izu National Park is there.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2022, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a prefecture in Japan, in the central part of the island of Honshu. Area, 4,500 sq km. Population, 783,000 (1975). The capital is the city of Kofu.

Most of Yamanashi Prefecture is mountainous, with a maximum elevation of 3,192 m (Mount Kitadake); the Kofu Depression is located in the central region. Forests cover 77 percent of the prefecture; 30 percent of the forested area has been made into national parks, including Fuji-Hakone-Izu.

Yamanashi, which is located in the large Kwanto Economic Region, has an economy based on both agriculture and industry. As of 1970, agriculture employed 30 percent of the economically active population, manufacturing 24 percent, and construction approximately 7 percent. As of 1971, machine building accounted for 32 percent of the total value of the prefecture’s industrial product, the textile industry for 18 percent, the food-processing industry for 14 percent, and the ceramic and glass industry for 5 percent. There is also a pulp and paper industry and nonferrous metallurgy.

Less than 10 percent of the prefecture’s land is under cultivation; about half of the cultivated area is occupied by orchards, vineyards, and mulberry plantations. Rice and wheat are also grown. Fish are bred in reservoirs.

Yamanashi is a center of mountain tourism; it is visited by as many as 20 million people annually.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Koshiishi, a former teacher and leader of the Yamanashi chapter of the influential Japan Teachers Union, is often referred to as the ''don of the upper house'' because of the strong influence he wields in the chamber and his extended network of political bigshots.
On occasion, this results in structures of elegance and beauty (the Paper House and Furniture House I, both above Lake Yamanaka in Yamanashi Prefecture; the panoramic Picture Window House in Shizuoka Prefecture).
The Company is building a dedicated next-generation COF production facility at its Yamanashi plant, which will begin operations with an initial monthly output capacity of 15 million units in the first quarter of 2007.
The complaints will be filed with the prefectural police covering areas where the 12 are believed to have disappeared -- Aomori, Chiba, Fukuoka, Hokkaido, Niigata, Saitama, Shizuoka, Tottori, Toyama, Yamaguchi and Yamanashi prefectures.
Transportation Secretary Ray LaHood to test ride magnetically levitated train in Yamanashi Prefecture.
Independent Takeshi Hosaka, 58, a former LDP prefectural assembly member, beat JCP candidate Hisashi Fukasawa, 60, in a one-on-one fight in the by-election for the Yamanashi No.
Fuji, which straddles the border between Shizuoka and Yamanashi prefectures in central Japan, in November 1999.
Snow 3 centimeters deep was observed in central Tokyo, and up to 26 cm accumulated in Kawaguchiko, Yamanashi Prefecture.
Marines began a firing drill using live ammunition at a training area in Yamanashi Prefecture, west of Tokyo, officials of the Yokohama Regional Defense Facilities Administration Bureau said.
The Yamanashi seat was vacated by the resignation of LDP member Shomei Yokouchi in a failed bid to become Yamanashi governor in February.
A history museum in Fujiyoshida, Yamanashi Prefecture, is running an exhibition featuring art works by eight Japanese and South Korean artists aimed at boosting bilateral relations ahead of the 2002 World Cup finals to be co-hosted by the two nations.
The company, known as JR Tokai, plans to have LaHood, who is expected to visit Japan in the second half of May, test ride the maglev train on a test track in Yamanashi Prefecture.