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a prefecture in Japan, in the central part of the island of Honshu. Area, 4,500 sq km. Population, 783,000 (1975). The capital is the city of Kofu.
Most of Yamanashi Prefecture is mountainous, with a maximum elevation of 3,192 m (Mount Kitadake); the Kofu Depression is located in the central region. Forests cover 77 percent of the prefecture; 30 percent of the forested area has been made into national parks, including Fuji-Hakone-Izu.
Yamanashi, which is located in the large Kwanto Economic Region, has an economy based on both agriculture and industry. As of 1970, agriculture employed 30 percent of the economically active population, manufacturing 24 percent, and construction approximately 7 percent. As of 1971, machine building accounted for 32 percent of the total value of the prefecture’s industrial product, the textile industry for 18 percent, the food-processing industry for 14 percent, and the ceramic and glass industry for 5 percent. There is also a pulp and paper industry and nonferrous metallurgy.
Less than 10 percent of the prefecture’s land is under cultivation; about half of the cultivated area is occupied by orchards, vineyards, and mulberry plantations. Rice and wheat are also grown. Fish are bred in reservoirs.
Yamanashi is a center of mountain tourism; it is visited by as many as 20 million people annually.
S. A. DEBABOV