Yamasee


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Yamasee,

 

Yamasi

(both: yăm`əsē, yäm`–), or

Yemasee

(yĕm`–), Native North Americans whose language belongs to the Muskogean branch of the Hokan-Siouan linguistic stock (see Native American languagesNative American languages,
languages of the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere and their descendants. A number of the Native American languages that were spoken at the time of the European arrival in the New World in the late 15th cent.
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). In the late 16th cent., when Spanish missions were established among them, the Yamasee lived in S Georgia and N Florida. They remained under Spanish rule until 1687, when they revolted and fled to South Carolina. The Yamasee were initially friendly toward the English, but in 1715 war broke out and they massacred more than 200 white settlers. Driven out of South Carolina, the Yamasee returned to Florida, where they became allies of the Spanish against the English. In 1727 their village near St. Augustine was attacked and destroyed by the English. Their population declined, and eventually they assimilated with the SeminoleSeminole,
Native North Americans whose language belongs to the Muskogean branch of the Hokan-Siouan linguistic stock (see Native American languages). They separated (their name means "separatist") from the Creek in the early 18th cent.
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 and the CreekCreek,
Native North American confederacy. The peoples forming it were mostly of the Muskogean branch of the Hokan-Siouan linguistic stock (see Native American languages).
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.
References in periodicals archive ?
In 1714, Alexander Longe, a South Carolina trader, literally blew up a Euchee warrior who came to his store to purchase gunpowder and incited the Cherokee to raid the Euchee town of Chestowe and seize its inhabitants for the slave trade (see Ramsey, Yamasee War, 83).
Augustine, most of whom appear to have been settled in Guanabacoa and probably other areas of Cuba, consisted of Yamasee, Timucua, Costa, and other groups who had resided at the mission, and were accompanied by Appalachee located nearby.
First, he states that "a lone Indian named Boocatee" approached South Carolinian officials in June 1717 about negotiating an end to the hostilities associated with the Yamasee War.
First, the ranching and the deerskin trade along the South Carolina coastal corridor that had characterized the colony's earliest years never recovered after the Yamasee Indian War in 1715.
He stresses the vulnerable nature of life on the exposed frontier, noting the critical role played by the Yamasee Indians as buffers against the Spanish in Florida and as a source of Indian slaves for the Carolinians.
Ethridge approaches this by looking at the successive European invasions of the region, beginning with De Soto's 1539-1543 incursion and ending with the Yamasee War in the early eighteenth century.
After the Yamasee War of 1715, South Carolina officials intervened on numerous occasions to extricate the weakened Chickasaw Nation from warfare with other Indian groups.
17) During this transitional period, however, the colonial "wars" against the Westo, the Tuscarora, the Yamasee, and numerous other peoples led to the enslavement and relocation of tens of thousands of Native Americans.
Usner thus convincingly places the French-Natchez conflict in the same kind of analytical framework recent historians have fruitfully used to reinterpret King Philip's War, the Iroquois-French wars, the Yamasee War, the Pueblo Revolt, and other events.
35) Then, in 1715-16, neighboring Indians, including the Creeks, joined together in the Yamasee War and nearly destroyed the colony.
While Creek polities remained similar in structure (with town units the most powerful actors in any negotiations with colonists), and while the seasonal orientation of the economy remained intact, Creek hunters spent more time procuring skins for trade than they had before the Yamasee War of 1715.