(redirected from Yamasees)
Also found in: Dictionary.




(both: yăm`əsē, yäm`–), or


(yĕm`–), Native North Americans whose language belongs to the Muskogean branch of the Hokan-Siouan linguistic stock (see Native American languagesNative American languages,
languages of the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere and their descendants. A number of the Native American languages that were spoken at the time of the European arrival in the New World in the late 15th cent.
..... Click the link for more information.
). In the late 16th cent., when Spanish missions were established among them, the Yamasee lived in S Georgia and N Florida. They remained under Spanish rule until 1687, when they revolted and fled to South Carolina. The Yamasee were initially friendly toward the English, but in 1715 war broke out and they massacred more than 200 white settlers. Driven out of South Carolina, the Yamasee returned to Florida, where they became allies of the Spanish against the English. In 1727 their village near St. Augustine was attacked and destroyed by the English. Their population declined, and eventually they assimilated with the SeminoleSeminole,
Native North Americans whose language belongs to the Muskogean branch of the Hokan-Siouan linguistic stock (see Native American languages). They separated (their name means "separatist") from the Creek in the early 18th cent.
..... Click the link for more information.
 and the CreekCreek,
Native North American confederacy. The peoples forming it were mostly of the Muskogean branch of the Hokan-Siouan linguistic stock (see Native American languages).
..... Click the link for more information.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
References in periodicals archive ?
(37.) The Yamasees occupied a significant portion of what is now modern-day Georgia but have not received the same scholarly attention as the Creeks.
Tomochichi's mention of "the Tombs of my Ancestors" also contributes evidence to the theory that he was part Creek and part Yamasee, since the Yamasees had previously occupied this location.
Again, mention of the Yamasees' ties to the region enhances the notion that Tomochichi had Yamasee relatives.
Augustine in 1728 when an unsuccessful attempt was made to obtain a Yamasee break with the Spaniards" and assumes that this event refers to Tomochichi.
First, he states that "a lone Indian named Boocatee" approached South Carolinian officials in June 1717 about negotiating an end to the hostilities associated with the Yamasee War.
Tomochichi's name might also be a derivation of a Yamasee word.
it is probable that he had a Yamasee father and a Creek mother, nationality being determined by the mother's line," and he discusses Yamasee-Creek relations to support his claim.
Jones acknowledges that the Yamacraw leader and "a number of his countrymen" had been banished but argues that "it does not appear that it was the result of any special ill-will, or that the expatriation was a punishment for specific crime or misconduct"; rather, it was a "voluntary exile" or the result of "some political disagreements." (47) Todd lists several possible reasons for this separation, including Yamasee-Creek disputes, refusal to join the Yamasee War, personal enemies of some sort within the nation, as well as the options that Jones offers.
His group probably consisted of various kinsmen, Creek and Yamasee, as well as others who wanted to break from both polities in the aftermath of the Yamasee War but still maintain ties to a larger band for defensive, social, and/or economic reasons.