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(both: yĕn-än), city (1991 pop. 115,900), N Shaanxi prov., China, on the Yen River. Now a market and tourist center, it is famed as the terminus of the long marchlong march,
Chin., Changzheng, the journey of c.6,000 mi (9,660 km) undertaken by the Red Army of China in 1934–35. When their Jiangxi prov. Soviet base was encircled by the Nationalist army of Chiang Kai-shek, some 90,000 men and women broke through the siege (Oct.
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 and the de facto capital (1936–47, 1948–49) of the Chinese Communists, who established arsenals, several colleges, and a military academy (now a museum) there. The city's many loess caves served as homes and air raid shelters during World War II. As a hallowed site of the revolution, Yan'an attracts thousands of pilgrims. Points of interest include the former homes of Mao ZedongMao Zedong
or Mao Tse-tung
, 1893–1976, founder of the People's Republic of China. Mao was one of the most prominent Communist theoreticians and his ideas on revolutionary struggle and guerrilla warfare have been extremely influential, especially among Third
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 and Zhou EnlaiZhou Enlai
or Chou En-lai
, 1898–1976, Chinese Communist leader. A member of a noted Mandarin family, he was educated at an American-supported school in China and a university in Japan. His involvement in radical movements led to several months imprisonment.
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, and the nine-story Bao pagoda built during the Sung dynasty (960–1279) and now made into a monument to the revolution. Many people still live in cave dwellings. Oil is produced at nearby Yanchang.


See J. Myrdal, Report from a Chinese Village (tr. by M. Michael, 1965); J. K. Emmerson, A View From Yenan (1985).

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References in periodicals archive ?
Our meeting today is to ensure that literature and art become a component part of the whole revolutionary machinery, so they can act as a powerful weapon in uniting and educating the people while attacking and annihilating the enemy, and help the people achieve solidarity in their struggle against the enemy." ("Talks at the Yan'an Conference on Literature and Art" 58) This talk becomes an ideological guideline for literary creations in the coming years.
The first military item to increase is the Purge indicator, which reflects the ouster of the de facto leader of the Yan'an faction Mu Chong (the commander responsible for the II Corps and Pyongyang's defense) and other division-level commanders such as Kim Han-chung and Choe Kwang in December 1950 after the collapse and retreat of the Korean People's Army (Seo 2005, 390).
There are two 'firsts' in the above events: this was the first time since Mao Zedong's 1942 Yan'an 'Talks on Literature and Art' that any leading CCP chairman had delivered a speech on the role of arts and artists (using the same title).
In this paper, "simple simulation scenario" has been established, which is about 2 km from Yan'an East Road interchange to Tianmu Road rotary interchange of North-South Elevated Expressway in Shanghai.
The shaft construction process is frequently under water burst influence from the confined aquifers of the Jurassic Zhiluo rock mass group and Yan'an rock mass group.
School of Physics and Electronic Information, Yanan University, Yan'an 716000, China
2 coal seam in the Group Yan'an is the principal working section of mining, ranging from 0.68 m to 8.64 m of normal thickness and 3.41 m on average.
We thank the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology of the Chenggong branch of Yan'an Hospital of Kunming for helping in the collection of human umbilical cord.
The data of 290 HBeAg-positive chronic hepatitis B patients undergoing liver biopsy were collected from the Affiliated Hospital of Yan'an University from October 2013 to February 2018.
(3) Department of Ophthalmology, Yan'an People's Hospital, Bei Da Jie, Baota Qu, Yan'an, Shaanxi 716000, China Correspondence should be addressed to Yanli Hao; 576824919@qq.com