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(both: yĕn-än), city (1991 pop. 115,900), N Shaanxi prov., China, on the Yen River. Now a market and tourist center, it is famed as the terminus of the long marchlong march,
Chin., Changzheng, the journey of c.6,000 mi (9,660 km) undertaken by the Red Army of China in 1934–35. When their Jiangxi prov. Soviet base was encircled by the Nationalist army of Chiang Kai-shek, some 90,000 men and women broke through the siege (Oct.
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 and the de facto capital (1936–47, 1948–9) of the Chinese Communists, who established arsenals, several colleges, and a military academy (now a museum) there. The city's many loess caves served as homes and air raid shelters during World War II. As a hallowed site of the revolution, Yan'an attracts thousands of pilgrims. Points of interest include the former homes of Mao ZedongMao Zedong
or Mao Tse-tung
, 1893–1976, founder of the People's Republic of China. Mao was one of the most prominent Communist theoreticians and his ideas on revolutionary struggle and guerrilla warfare have been extremely influential, especially among Third
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 and Zhou EnlaiZhou Enlai
or Chou En-lai
, 1898–1976, Chinese Communist leader. A member of a noted Mandarin family, he was educated at an American-supported school in China and a university in Japan. His involvement in radical movements led to several months imprisonment.
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, and the nine-story Bao pagoda built during the Sung dynasty (960–1279) and now made into a monument to the revolution. Many people still live in cave dwellings. Oil is produced at nearby Yanchang.


See J. Myrdal, Report from a Chinese Village (tr. by M. Michael, 1965); J. K. Emmerson, A View From Yenan (1985).

References in periodicals archive ?
2) Lu Xun has been canonized for many different purposes, perhaps most notably at Yan'an [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] in 1942.
Even earlier, too, Luo Guibo had gained experience of his own while implementing land reform in Jiangxi and Yan'an during the 1930s.
The blooming poppy under the Red Sun: The Yan'an way and the opium trade", T.
Set amid dusty sandstone-colored hills in northern Shaanxi, Yan'an is a hallowed place.
At the Yan'an Forum on Literature and Art in 1942, seven years before the communists attained power, Mao Zedong employed the terse phrase "yang wei Zhong yong" (foreign things used for China's benefit), a dictum that, although initially applied to mass culture, reflected many of the chairman's later views on adopting foreign technologies (Zhang and Qu 2011).
This study was conducted in accordance with the declaration of Helsinki after approval from the Ethics Committee of Yan'an People's Hospital.
As described by Jones, the NPA of the early 1970s planned to cultivate the rugged mountains of Luzon north of Manila as their equivalent of Mao Zedong's liberated zone in Yan'an, which became a staging point for insurgent victory over the Nationalists on the Chinese mainland.
1) Department of Neurology, Xianyang Hospital of Yan'an University, Xlanyang, Shaanxi, China, (2) Department of Neurology, Shangluo Central Hospital, Shangluo, Shaanxi, China, (3) Xi'an Haitang Vocational College, Xi'an, Shaanxi, China
1998, 'Risk Management of Shanghai's Privately Financed Yan'an Donglu Tunnels', Engineering Construction and Architectural Management, 5(4), pp.
Hong taiyang shi zeme shengqide: Yan'an zhengfeng yundong de lailong qumai (How Did the Red Sun Rise: The Origin and Consequences of the Yan 'an Rectification Movement).
4) Yan'an City People's Hospital MRI, CT Diagnosis Branch, Baota District, Shaanxi 716000, China
Xi's talk echoed Mao Zedong, who spoke at the Yan'an Forum of Art in 1942, which laid the bedrock for the Party's propagandistic use of arts.