Yen Fu

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Yen Fu

 

Born 1853 in Fuchou; died there Oct. 27, 1921. Chinese publicist and translator of books by Western European authors.

From 1877 to 1879, Yen Fu attended the Royal Naval War College in Greenwich, Great Britain. He was close to the liberal movement for reform. He published translations of T. H. Huxley’s Evolution and Ethics in 1895–98, A. Smith’s An Inquiry Into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations in 1902, J. S. Mill’s Essay on Liberty in 1903, and C.-L. Montesquieu’s The Spirit of Laws in 1909. Yen Fu was active in the 1905–11 movement for a constitutional monarchy.

REFERENCE

Schwartz, B. In Search of Wealth and Power: Yen Fu and the West. Cambridge, Mass., 1964.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Chapter three covers the translations of books of logic by the famous late nineteenth-century Chinese scholar Yan Fu, who was the first in China to propagate the need to adapt to the external environment for national survival, through his translation of Thomas Huxley's Evolution and Ethics.
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Yan Fu, one of the most noted social reformers and a translator of English political philosophers, was the first to raise the threat of racial extinction by the end of the nineteenth century: "They will enslave us and hinder the development of our spirit and body ...
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