Yang Kuei-fei

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Yang Kuei-fei

(yäng gwā-fā), 719–56, concubine of the T'ang emperor Hsüan-tsungHsüan-tsung
, 685–762, Chinese emperor (712–56), 9th of the T'ang dynasty. Under his brilliant early rule the T'ang reached the height of its power. Improved administration and new grain-transport facilities increased the flow of revenue to the central
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. The most famous beauty in Chinese history, in legend she is said to have captivated the emperor who then neglected state affairs. She adopted An Lu-shanAn Lu-shan
, d.757, Chinese general of the T'ang dynasty. Of mixed Sogdian and Turkish birth, he was appointed regional commander on the northeastern frontier. In 755 he led c.200,000 troops in revolt against the T'ang central government.
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, a general of Turkic origin, as her son and helped him win power at court. But a power struggle over control of the central government between An Lu-shan and Yang's brother led to An's rebellion in 755. Fleeing the capital before the rebels captured it, angry royal guards, who blamed Yang Kuei-fei and her brother for the rebellion, forced Hsüan Tsung to order their execution. The emperor soon abdicated. Yang Kuei-fei's love story and its tragic end have been a favorite theme for Chinese poets and writers.

Bibliography

See S. Wu, Yang Kuei-fei, The Most Famous Beauty of China (1924).

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References in periodicals archive ?
Two of the most known beautiful women in the world, Cleopatra of Egypt and Yang Guifei of China were known to have an affinity for this vegetable.
There are several films being made about Tang Dynasty concubine Yang Guifei, one of the Four Beauties of ancient China.
One of the Yang Guifei movies is due to be directed by "Training Day" helmer Antoine Fuqua, and is backed by money from Xi'an, the city Xuanzong abandoned as the dynasty collapsed.
For example, the sculpture of Yang Guifei in Figure 8 has a dress of red, yellow and blue with almost the same colour intensity at first but the craftsman enlarged the area of the red colour, giving the visitor a first impression of red hue.
Among legendary beauties who caused cities and kingdoms to fall figuratively or literally, Madame Li of the Han Dynasty (206 BCE-220 CE) and Yang Guifei of the Tang Dynasty (618-908 CE) were especially known for their singing, dancing, and alluring smiles.
In the first half of her life Yang Guifei enjoyed a similar fortune to that of Madame Li, but Emperor Tang Ming's angry subjects demanded her execution when the kingdom failed to withstand foreign attacks.
But instead of allowing herself to become a victim of the patriarchal code of honor (as Yang Guifei did), Liusu would retreat in time to save herself while leaving her disintegrated evil relatives in the cinerarium.
And Chinese opera legend Cheng Yanqiu (1904-58) will be celebrated for his remarkable roles as damsels in various degrees of distress, including such titles from his repertoire as Bloodshed on the White Water Beach; The Trial of Yu Tnag Chun, the Courtesan; and The Imperial Concubine Yang Guifei Getting Drunk.
The screens feature the Chinese emperor Xuanzong, who ruled during the golden age of the Tang Dynasty (618-906),and his beloved Yang Guifei. Xuanzong so loved Yang that he neglected affairs of state, resulting in one of the worst rebellions in Chinese history.
Kennedy Onassis, and Yang Guifei, a concubine to an eighth-century