Members of the ruling yangban
class (like Kouzuki), landowners, and indigenous leaders who were friendly to Japan made efforts to convince their countrymen and women to facilitate the ideology and policies of the colonizing regime.
We were shown a yangban
hanok or a residence of a scholar or aristocrat.
Direct criticism of the yangban
was strictly forbidden during that time, so the common people satirized the yangban
from behind masks, developing the craft into various forms of mask dance with regional variations.
This required the official recognition of China to ensure the cooperation of the Korean ruling yangban
Most cases involve homicide, often triggered by adulterous affairs, and feature suspects and witnesses from all walks of life, from elderly yangban
to peddlers, from young slave wives to widowed scholars.
He includes a few references to corruption in the yangban
exams and in the "rent-seeking social networking if not corruption at higher education institutes" (p.
While Sirhak ideas initially focused on practicality and fairness, their assimilation after Tasan led to a rigid Korean version of neo-Confucianism wielded by the yangban
elite to dominate an increasingly economically backward and stagnant Hermit Kingdom as the 1800s proceeded.
:xi De Fengfeng Yu;yu (The Turbulent History of the Yangbanxi).
Early converts to evangelicalism were mostly lower-class Koreans from northern parts of the country, but by the late 1890s, evangelicalism was also making inroads into the ranks of the politically minded upper class, or yangban
. Like commoners, yangban
, too, started to join the church in the 1880s when the country was still under Korean sovereignty.
Holcombe places special emphasis on the economic and social changes, including the commercialization of the Chinese economy, the institution of the Yangban
social orders in Korea, and the origins of the samurai and rise of the daimyo in Japan.
Nevertheless, traditional Korean society, which recognized the yangban
as an elite stratum, resembles a caste system more closely than a class system, because its membership was more or less fixed or impermeable, members were strongly endogamous, and their legitimate offspring automatically became yangban
As a cross-cultural adaptation of Choderlos de Laclos's 1782 novel Les Liaisons dangereuses (Dangerous Liaisons), Untold Scandal depicts Chosun aristocratic culture in a very unconventional way: In lieu of royal families, famed artists, or oppressed feudal women, the clandestine libertine sexcapades of the ruling yangban
class come into narrative focus.