Yangon


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Yangon

(yăn-gŏn`), formerly

Rangoon

(răng-go͞on`), city (1983 pop. 2,458,712), former capital of Myanmar and capital of Yangon region, S central Myanmar, on the Yangon River (a mouth of the AyeyarwadyAyeyarwady
or Irrawaddy
, chief river of Myanmar, c.1,000 mi (1,600 km) long, formed by the confluence of the Mali and Nmai rivers in N Myanmar. The combined stream flows south through gorges strewn with rapids past Myitkyina, Bhamo, Mandalay, Pakokku, and Pyay; it
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) near its entrance into the Gulf of Martaban. The largest city in Myanmar, Yangon is the transportation hub of the country and its commercial and industrial center. Major exports include rice, teak, petroleum, cotton, and metal ores; there are rice mills, sawmills, oil refineries, and steel, iron, and copper mills.

Probably founded in the 6th cent., it was until the 18th cent. a small fishing village, dominated—as is the modern city—by the most celebrated temple in Myanmar, the golden-spired Shwedagon Pagoda. Alaungapaya, the founder of the last line of Burmese kings, made the town his capital in 1753. Under his rule Yangon was given its present name ("Rangoon" is a less accurate transliteration) and was built up as the chief port of Myanmar. It was held briefly by the British in 1824–26; after it came under British rule in 1852, it was transformed into a modern city. Yangon was heavily damaged by an earthquake and tsunami in 1930, and again in World War II. In 2005 the government announced that it was relocating the capital to what became NaypyidawNaypyidaw
or Naypyitaw
, capital city of Myanmar and union territory (2009 est. pop. 925,000), 2,724 sq mi (7,054 sq km), in the S central part of the country.
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, in S central Myanmar, and began transferring government offices there; much of the transfer was completed by 2006. The Yangon Univ. was founded in 1920 as Rangoon Univ. and reorganized in 1948 and again in 1964, when it became the Rangoon Arts and Science Univ.; it was renamed in 1989.

Yangon

the capital and chief port of Myanmar (formerly Burma): an industrial city and transport centre; dominated by the gold-covered Shwe Dagon pagoda, 112 m (368 ft.) high. Pop.: 4 082 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Commenting on the launch of the two new routes, Ghaith Al Ghaith, Chief Executive Officer at flydubai said: 'We are proud to see the flydubai network expand further east today with the launch of flights to Krabi and Yangon. Over the past 10 years we have remained committed to opening up underserved markets, enabling millions of passengers to travel with more ease from as far as Helsinki in the west to Krabi in the east via Dubai's aviation hub.
Like its inhabitants, Yangon is a city going places too fast to think about its destination.
"Actually, Yangon practically has the same lineup (as the 2018 AFC Cup), maybe has some new players but the difference was they played four competitive games already whereas our last game was in September (last year)," said Vidakovic, whose wards last saw action in the PFL Paulino Alcantara Cup.
Incorporated on 3rd October 2015, Yangon Aerodrome Company Limited (YACL) operates and manages Yangon International Airport (YIA), the gateway to Myanmar.
'Most assaults or incidents [in Yangon] happened in the evenings, when intoxicated individuals got into fights after the water-throwing activities had stopped,' Police Lieutenant Hla Wai of Yangon Region Police Force told DVB.
Flights to Phnom Penh will depart daily from Dubai International Airport (DXB) at 09:15am, arriving in Yangon at 05:25pm.
"BookWars" filmmaker Jason Rosette, who has been working in the ASEAN region of Southeast Asia since 2005, first encountered street and sidewalk booksellers in Yangon while he was working as an employee of the US Embassy, Rangoon American Center.
Emirates will launch a daily service from Dubai to Yangon and Hanoi starting August 3, 2016.
Than Than Nu, the daughter of Burma's first prime minister, U Nu, works out of a second-floor office on a sun-baked street in Yangon, the capital of what is now known as Myanmar.
The bus carrying about 44 passengers bound for Yangon from Taunggyi, the capital of Shan State, collided with a family car at 2:10 am local time at a location of about 267 kilometers from Yangon.
Auto Business News-March 24, 2014--Mazda plans to launch auto workshop in Yangon
Yangon, the city for pilgrimage in Myanmar, the "City of Peace" which oozes immense oriental charms.