Yap

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Yap

(yăp, yäp), state (1990 pop. 10,886), c.47 sq mi (121 sq km), in the W Caroline IslandsCaroline Islands,
archipelago, c.830 sq mi (2,150 sq km), W Pacific, just north of the equator. The largest islands are Palau (Belau), Yap, Chuuk (Truk), Pohnpei (Ponape), and Kosrae. The islands are fertile and rich in minerals.
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, W Pacific. One of four states comprising the Federated States of MicronesiaMicronesia, Federated States of,
independent nation (2005 est. pop. 108,000), c.271 sq mi (702 sq km), an island group in the W Pacific Ocean. It comprises four states: Kosrae, Pohnpei (formerly Ponape), Chuuk (formerly Truk), and Yap.
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, the island group was formerly part of the U.S. Trust Territory of the Pacific IslandsPacific Islands, Trust Territory of the,
former UN trust territory administered by the United States, consisting of the Caroline Islands, Marshall Islands, and Mariana Islands (excluding Guam). The territory included c.
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. Yap is a communications center, the principal cable station of the Pacific and an important radio transmitting point. The Yap Islands consist of five closely grouped islands within a triangular coral reef. Discovered by the Spanish in 1791, Yap was sold to Germany in 1899. It became part of the Japanese-mandated area of the Pacific under the League of Nations in 1920 and fell to U.S. forces in 1945 during World War II. Yap is known for the stone disks used as money by the Micronesian natives.

Yap

 

a group of volcanic islands in the western Caroline Islands in the Pacific Ocean. The Yap Islands have an area of 100 sq km. The population of the islands is about 4,000 (1975). Elevations range to 178 m. The climate is subequatorial and oceanic; precipitation totals up to 3,000 mm annually. The islands have tropical evergreen forests and, in the interior regions, savanna vegetation.

The economy of the Yap Islands includes fishing and the cultivation of taro, sweet potato, and sugarcane. The indigenous population is Micronesian. The “money” of the local residents is unique, consisting of stone disks up to 2 m in diameter that have an opening in the center and that frequently weigh up to several tons. The Russian scientist N. N. Miklukho-Maklai was one of the first to describe the disks.


Yap

 

an abyssal trench along the eastern foot of the island arc of Yap and Ngulu in the Pacific Ocean. The Yap Trench is about 500 km long. The narrow, sometimes flat bottom of the trench is separated by sills into several closed depressions with average depths of 6,000 to 8,000 m; the maximum depth is 8,850 m.

Yap

a group of four main islands in the W Pacific, in the W Caroline Islands: administratively a district of the US Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands from 1947; became self-governing in 1979 as part of the Federated States of Micronesia; important Japanese naval base in World War II. Pop.: 12 055 (1999 est.). Area: 101 sq. km (39 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
Thane Hancock, Yap State Department of Health Services, EpiNet, PO Box 148, Colonia, Yap 96943, Federated States of Micronesia; email: thane@fsmhealth.
Author affiliation: Yap State Department of Health Services, Colonia, Yap, Federated States of Micronesia
I recognize that this sentence does not provide an accurate description of the efforts in Yap State to investigate the outbreak and further confirm that it was caused by Zika virus (ZIKV).
The phylogenetic tree shows that the ZIKV that recently emerged in French Polynesia is similar to Cambodia 2010 and Yap State 2007 strains, which corroborates previous findings of an expansion of ZIKV Asian lineage (7,8).
In April 2007, an epidemic of rash, conjunctivitis, and arthralgia was noted by physicians in Yap State, Federated States of Micronesia (11).
We report a widespread epidemic of human disease associated with ZIKV in Yap State in 2007.
Dengue fever developed in 9 Japanese patients in 2004 after they returned from Yap state.
In 1995, a dengue epidemic caused by DENV-4 occurred in Yap state (6), but no dengue outbreaks have since been reported.
Department of Health Services, Yap State, Colonia, Yap, Federated States of Micronesia; ([dagger])Ministry of Health, Koror, Republic of Palau; ([double dagger]) Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA; and ([section]) Pacific Islands Health Officer Association, Agatna, Territory of Guam.