Lincolnshire

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Lincolnshire

Lincolnshire (lĭngˈkənshĭr), county (1991 pop. 573,900), 2,662 sq mi (6,895 sq km), E England, on the North Sea and The Wash. The county seat is Lincoln. It was formerly divided into three administrative counties: the Parts of Holland, the Parts of Kesteven, and the Parts of Lindsey. These were abolished in 1974 when Lincolnshire was reorganized as a nonmetropolitan county with seven districts: North Kesteven, South Kesteven, East Lindsey, West Lindsey, South Holland, Boston, and Lincoln. North Lincolnshire and North East Lincolnshire, areas which were part of Humberside (1974–96), are now administratively separate boroughs.

The county is generally low and flat, with extensive marshes along the coast. It is crossed by many dikes and canals, some of which, notably the Foss Dyke, date back to Roman times. Lincolnshire is an important agricultural area; potatoes, vegetables, and sugar beets are the chief crops. The area also profits from tourism. Great Grimsby is a fishing port, and the county's industries include engineering and steelmaking. In Anglo-Saxon times, Lincolnshire was variously under the control of Mercia and Northumberland. Relics from a number of medieval churches remain.

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Lincolnshire

 

a county in Great Britain, in England, on the North Sea coast. Area, 6,900 sq km; population, 808,300 (1971). Its administrative center is the city of Lincoln. Lincolnshire is primarily an agricultural area, with horticulture and livestock raising being of primary importance. Iron ore is mined in the vicinity of Frodingham. Industries include food processing, agricultural machine building (the cities of Lincoln and Boston), metallurgy (Scunthorpe), and petrochemicals (Immingham). Grimsby is an important fishing port. In 1975, in accordance with administrative reorganization, the county’s boundaries were somewhat altered.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Lincolnshire

a county of E England, on the North Sea and the Wash: mostly low-lying and fertile, with fenland around the Wash and hills (the Lincoln Wolds) in the east; one of the main agricultural counties of Great Britain: the geographical and ceremonial county includes the unitary authorities of North Lincolnshire and North East Lincolnshire (both part of Humberside county from 1974 to 1996). Administrative centre: Lincoln. Pop. (excluding unitary authorities): 665 300 (2003 est.). Area (excluding unitary authorities): 5880 sq. km (2270 sq. miles)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005