Yarkant


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Yarkant

(yär'känt`) or

Yarkand

(yärkănd`), river, c.500 mi (800 km) long, rising in the Karakorum range, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, NW China, and flowing northeast to join with the Aksu to form the Tarim River. The city of Shache (shä`cho͝o`) or Yarkant, forms an oasis at the western end of the Taklimakan desert; it is a trade center. The city, mainly inhabited by Turkic-speaking Muslims, has more than 120 mosques. Marco Polo visited the city in 1271 and in 1275; it was on the important Silk Road between China and Europe. A treaty signed there in 1874 opened the city to trade with India.
References in periodicals archive ?
Recent projects include building the new Gwadar international airport, renovating and expanding Kashgar international airport, accelerating the construction of Yarkant airport, planning and construction of Tashghorgan Pamir Airport, and adding more flights.
An attack on an Urumqi market in May 2014 killed dozens, and a clash at a Yarkant police station in July also resulted in many deaths, though few details of that incident are known.
State media only reported the attacks in Shache, also known by its Uighur name of Yarkant, late on Tuesday.