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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(from Turkic kyshlak, literally “winter hut”), a settlement in Uzbekistan and Tadzhikistan.

Before the October Revolution of 1917,kishlaki were either permanent settlements or the winter domiciles of a seminomadic population. Kishlaki were categorized according to how they were grouped as follows: (1) cluster kishlak, where several kishlaki were merged or were grouped close to one another; these were known collectively by a single name and constituted a single commune, although each small unit had its own name and mosque and was settled by a single family-kin group; (2) large kishlak, which resulted when the first type expanded, the small units forming blocks of a single settlement; and (3) scattered kishlak, which comprised separate farmsteads located at considerable distances from one another but united into a single commune by the common irrigation of their fields by one canal. The houses in most kishlaki were crowded together, and there were winding little streets and culs-de-sac. In the mountain kishlaki, the buildings were constructed in tiers. Before unification with Russia, many of the larger kishlaki were enclosed by a wall. They were governed by elders who were protégés of the nobility.

In Soviet times, a complete transformation of the kishlaki has taken place. Contemporary kolkhoz and sovkhoz settlements do not differ from urban-type settlemens in layout or utilities. According to the Constitution, the inhabitants of kishlaki elect their own executive organs, the kishlak soviets of working people’s deputies.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Akbas and Yaylak [25] reported that birds with high a values had high hatch weights.
Akyuz, S., Karaca, M., Kemaloglu Oz, T., Altay, S., Gungor, B., Yaylak, B., ...
The 0 parameter was reported between 215.0-244.7 g by the several previous researchers, who conducted non-linear growth modeling studies of randomly mating quail, such as Akbas and Yaylak (2000), Hyankova et al.
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(20.) Sevuk U, Bahadir MV, Altindag R, Baysal E, Yaylak B, Ay N, et al.
The correlation coefficients determined in the study were found to be concordant with various studies that examined growth in the poultry with the Gompertz model (Akbas and Oguz 1998; Akbas and Yaylak 2000; Narinc et al.
As obtained in the current study, many authors reported a significant effect of lactation parity on 305-d milk yield (Duru and Tuncel, 2002; Kaya and Kaya, 2003; Ozcakir and Bakir, 2003; Yaylak and Kumlu, 2005; Koc, 2006; Akcay et al., 2007; Erdem et al., 2007; Inci et al., 2007; Ozkok and Ugur, 2007; Orhan and Kaygisiz, 2007; Bakir et al., 2009).